Semi-deciduous rainforests in West Africa began at the fringed coastline of Guinea Bissau (via Guinea) and run all the way through the coasts of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, continuing through Togo, Benin, Nigeria and Cameroon, and ending at the Congo Basin.
Which part of Africa has rainforests?
Most of Africa’s remaining rainforests are found in the Congo river basin on the Atlantic Ocean side of the continent. The Congo rainforest is famous for its gorillas, chimpanzees, and elephants as well as its native population of forest dwellers known as pygmies.
Is West Africa tropical?
Climate. West Africa has wet and dry seasons resulting from the interaction of two migrating air masses. … The second, is the moisture-laden, tropical maritime or equatorial air mass which produces southwest winds. The maximum northern penetration of this wet air mass is in July between latitudes 18° and 21°N.
Are rainforests found in Africa?
Around 2 million km² of Africa is covered by tropical rainforests. They are second only in extent to those in Amazonia, which cover around 6 million km². Rainforests are home to vast numbers of species.
How much of West Africa is forest?
Indeed, the whole forest cover of these four countries represents only 6 percent of their total land area. By contrast, the Gambia and Guinea-Bissau are the smallest but the most forested countries of West Africa.
Chapter 14. West Africa.
|Forest area 2000||22.4|
|Area change 1990-2000 (total forest)||-265|
Which country has the largest forest in Africa?
The Congo Basin is Africa’s largest contiguous forest and the second-largest tropical rainforest in the world. Covering about 695,000 square miles, this swamp-struck tropical forest covers portions of Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
What is the largest rainforest in Africa?
The Congo Basin, an area larger that the US state of Alaska that spans across six Central African countries, is home to the world’s second largest tropical rainforest after the Amazon.
Is West Africa dangerous?
As far as disease goes, West Africa is the most dangerous place on the planet. It is probably the one place on earth where you should go to extremes to protect yourself from mosquitoes. Do not sleep without a net and do not go without malaria medicine.
Does it snow in West Africa?
Snowfall is also a regular occurrence at Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. There have been permanent glaciers on the Rwenzori Mountains, on the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
What are the relief of West Africa?
Relief and Drainage
Most of West Africa consists of an undulating low plateau below 500m asl, fringed on the west and south by a coastal plain; this plain is widest in Senegal, the southern Ivory Coast, the Niger delta and the lower valleys of the Volta and Niger rivers.
How many countries does Africa have?
How many countries are there in Africa? 48 countries share the area of mainland Africa, plus six island nations are considered to be part of the continent. All in all, there are 54 sovereign African countries and two disputed areas, namely Somaliland and Western Sahara (see the list of African countries below).
What percentage of Africa is rainforest?
Africa is home to around 18% of the world’s tropical forests. The second largest tropical forest on the planet is located in the Congo Basin in central Africa and extends for around 3 million square kilometres – which is larger than the entire land mass of Argentina.
Does South Africa have rainforests?
South Africa’s only rainforest rests on the edge of the Crocodile River on the outskirts of Nelspruit, in a place so unlikely that hardly anyone knows it exists. … South Africa’s erratic dry periods mean that the chances of a tropical rainforest, as they occur in Africa, is virtually impossible.
Which country is the richest in West Africa?
This West African country, with a population of over 200 million citizens, makes up an essential part of the African economy. With a GDP just under $450 billion, Nigeria holds the position of the richest country in Africa.
Which country is the smallest in West Africa?
Gambia is the smallest country in West Africa in terms of area. Turkey was the first country to recognize Gambia when it gained its independence from Britain in 1965 after being colonized for 400 years.
What is the top 10 smallest countries in Africa?
Top 10 Smallest Countries in Africa
- Seychelles. The Republic of Seychelles, encompassing of an archipelago of 115 islands, is the smallest nation with only 459 square kilometers area. …
- Sao Tome and Principe. Being only 964 square kilometers makes Sao Tome and Principe the second smallest in Africa. …
- Comoros. …
- Mauritius. …
- Cape Verde. …
- Gambia. …
- Swaziland. …