The UN subregion of North Africa consists of 7 countries at the northernmost part of the continent — Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara. North Africa is an economically prosperous area, generating one-third of Africa’s total GDP.
What is North Africa mostly covered by?
Geography. North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.
What is the northern part of Africa mainly?
Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River. The ethnic majority in the Maghreb are Berber, with Arabs dominating in Egypt.
What cultures are in North Africa?
Culture of North Africa
- The people of the Maghreb and the Sahara speak various dialects of Berber and Arabic and almost exclusively follow Islam. …
- The diverse peoples of the Sahara are usually categorized along ethno-linguistic lines. …
- The Nile Valley through northern Sudan traces its origins to the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Kush.
What kind of region is North Africa?
For this reason North Africa is sometimes considered part of the Middle East, at least culturally. Arabs have long used the term MAGHREB (or Maghrib), meaning “west,” to refer to Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco, which they consider the westernmost part of the Arab world.
What are 2 reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
What is the language of North Africa?
North Africa, mainly Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, northern Mali and northern Niger; smaller Berber-speaking populations in Burkina Faso, Egypt, Mauritania and the Spanish city of Melilla. Berber-speaking populations are dominant in the coloured areas of modern-day North Africa.
What are three important waterways in North Africa?
- Atbarah River – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Blue Nile – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Didessa River – Ethiopia.
- Nile – Egypt.
- Bahr el Zeraf – South Sudan.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan.
How Africa is divided?
The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.
What are the 5 countries in North Africa?
The UN subregion of North Africa consists of 7 countries at the northernmost part of the continent — Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara.
What religion is most common in North Africa?
Islam is the dominant religion in North Africa and some of the Horn of Africa, which is majority Christian.
Who ruled North Africa?
During the 18th and 19th century, North Africa was colonized by France, the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy.
What is the biggest cultural influence in North Africa?
Islam is most likely the single biggest cultural influence in North Africa.
What is the most oil rich country in North Africa?
Nigeria was the leading oil producer in Africa as of 2019. Oil production amounted to 101.4 million metric tons in the country. Angola and Algeria followed with 69.1 million and 64.3 million metric tons, respectively.
What is the climate of North Africa?
Current Climatology of North Africa
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
What is the standard of living in North Africa?
North Africa has an average standard of living compared to the rest of the world, and a much higher standard of living than countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This is mainly due to oil income. Libya has the highest ranking (53) and Morocco the lowest (114). Life expectancy is average in North Africa.