HIV/AIDS would be the correct answer.
What is the major cause of famine in East Africa?
Though triggered by poor rains—in some places, the worst in 60 years—the underlying causes of the drought and food crisis that hit East Africa in 2011 were poor governance, conflict, chronic neglect of remote arid regions, and underinvestment in small-scale food producers, such as farmers and pastoralists.
Why is there no food in Africa?
Why are people in Africa facing chronic hunger? Recurring drought, conflict, and instability have led to severe food shortages. Many countries have struggled with extreme poverty for decades, so they lack government and community support systems to help their struggling families.
Can Africa feed itself?
This is the transformation formula: agriculture allied with industry, manufacturing and processing capability equals strong and sustainable economic development, which creates wealth throughout the economy. Africa can feed itself – and Africa must feed itself. And when it does, it will be able to feed the world.
What are the causes of the famine in Africa?
The causes of famine The Horn of Africa’s famine is not just down to the weather. The three dominant causes are drought, high food costs, poverty and violent political instability, recognisable factors in almost any famine but more extreme here due to their severity.
Is the majority of Africa in poverty?
The latest estimates show that the regional poverty rate decreased by 1.6 percentage points between 2015 and 2018. This translates to 40% of the population living below the US$1.90-a-day poverty line in 2018 and Sub-Saharan Africa accounting for two-thirds of the global extreme poor population.
What country has the strongest economy in Africa?
List of African countries by GDP (nominal)
|Rank||Country||Nominal GDP ($ billions)|
What country in Africa has the most hunger?
The Central African Republic (CAR) remains at the top of this list as the ‘hungriest country in the world’. CAR has suffered from instability, ethnic violence and conflict since 2012, disrupting food production, and displacing over one million people. 2.5 million people — more than half of its population — are hungry.
Which country in Africa has the most fertile land?
However, in Africa, land has been a root cause of many social and political upheavals. Zimbabwe, for instance, was considered the bread basket of Africa – with one of the most fertile lands on the African continent – exporting wheat, tobacco, and corn to the rest of the continent and beyond.
Can Ethiopia feed itself?
Last month, at the 23rd anniversary of the downfall of the Dergue regime, Prime Minister Hailemariam declared that Ethiopia’s have become food self-sufficient at national level with annual production of major crops reaching 25 million tones (250 million Quintals).
What Africa needs to develop?
Key concepts: Peace and security, conflict management, governance, democratization economic transformation, globalization, interdependence. influence the allocation of resources. The development challenges of Africa are deeper than low income, falling trade shares, low savings, and slow growth.
What are the effects of famine in Africa?
Children are particularly affected by the hunger crisis in Africa. There are far too many starving kids in Africa, every single affected kid is one too much. Malnutrition leads to physical and mental development delays and disorders and is a major cause of high infant mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa.
What are 3 causes of famine?
A natural disaster, such as a long period of drought, flooding, extreme cold, typhoons, insect infestations, or plant disease, combined with government decisions on how to respond to the disaster, can result in a famine.