Freshwater is the most precious and valuable natural resource essential for all kind of life on the land surface. Especially man depend on the availability and quality of the water, it is vital for the socio-economic growth of societies and nations as well as for the sustainability of the environment.
What is the most important resource in the Middle East?
Oil is the most abundant resource in the Middle East, and many countries’ economies are dependent on it. However, oil is not equally distributed between all countries.
What are the most important natural resources of the Middle East?
As the two most important resources in the region, water and oil have caused such conflicts. Oil is the most abundant resource in the Middle East, and many countries’ economies are dependent on it.
What does the Middle East and North Africa have in common?
The Middle East and North Africa are two regions that are often grouped together because they have many things in common. Islam is the dominant religion in the area and almost everyone speaks Arabic. Most of the Middle East and North Africa is composed of desert land where very little rain falls.
What is the resource that is most scarce in the Middle East?
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA)* is the most water-scarce region of the world. Home to 6.3 percent of the world’s population, the region contains only 1.4 percent of the world’s renewable fresh water. As population pressures in the region increase, the demand for water resources rises.
Which country is the richest in the Middle East?
1. Qatar: Qatar came in the first place as the richest Arab country with a GDP per capita of 96.1 thousand. 2. United Arab Emirates: UAE came in second place with a GDP per capita of 58.77 thousand.
What is the main source of income for the Middle East?
Oil and Industry.
The discovery of vast oil deposits revolutionized the Middle East’s economy. More than half of the world’s known oil reserves are found in the region, although they are not equally distributed. Saudi Arabia has the largest deposits and is the world’s leading oil producer and exporter.
What resources do the US get from the Middle East?
Because the Middle East has the world’s largest deposits of oil (55 percent of the world’s reserves) in an easily extracted form, Middle Eastern oil continues to be necessary to the United States.
What religion is most common in the Middle East?
Islam is the most widely followed religion in the Middle East. About 20% of the world’s Muslims live in the Middle East.
Why is petroleum found in Middle East?
The most widely accepted theory for why the Middle East is loaded with oil is that the region was not always a vast desert. … The oil was captured in place on the seabed by thick layers of salt. As the land in the modern Middle East region rose due to tectonic activity, the Tethys Ocean receded.
Why is North Africa a desert?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.
What countries are in North Africa?
The UN subregion of North Africa consists of 7 countries at the northernmost part of the continent — Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara. North Africa is an economically prosperous area, generating one-third of Africa’s total GDP.
Is Somalia an Arab country?
The Arab World consists of 22 countries in the Middle East and North Africa: Algeria, Bahrain, the Comoros Islands, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
Which country will run out of water first?
How bad could it be? According to current projections, Cape Town will run out of water in a matter of months. This coastal paradise of 4 million on the southern tip of South Africa is to become the first modern major city in the world to completely run dry.
Why is water so scarce in the Middle East?
Universal causes for a spread of arid environment are unsustainable agriculture practices and overgrazing. Agriculture uses 85 percent of water in this region. It is common to misuse land by heavy irrigation in the Middle East. In the area droughts are more frequent, and contribute to the changing landscape.
Where does the Middle East get their water from?
To meet water demand, many countries in the Middle East rely on desalination plants. Over 75% of worldwide desalinated water is in the Middle East and North Africa, 70% of which is in the GCC countries (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates) and 6% in Libya and Algeria.