Egypt’s main source of freshwater is the Nile River. The river supplies 56.8 billion m³ of freshwater every year, which represents 97% of all renewable water resources in Egypt. … Since 2005, Egypt is classified as a water scarce country as it has less than 1000 m³ of fresh water per year per capita.
Where can you find fresh water in Egypt?
The main and almost exclusive source of water for Egypt is the Nile River, which represents 97% of the country’s fresh water resources.
How much fresh water does Egypt have?
Egypt has only 20 cubic meters per person of internal renewable freshwater resources, and as a result the country relies heavily on the Nile River for its main source of water. The River Nile is the backbone of Egypt’s industrial and agricultural sector and is the primary source of drinking water for the population.
What water sources does Egypt have?
The Nile River inflow, the groundwater, as well as the rainfall represent the conventional water resources in Egypt. However, seawater desalination and the use of wastewater represent the non-conventional water resources (Djuma, Bruggeman, Eliades, & Lange, 2016).
Does Egypt have clean water?
In Egypt, water infrastructure coverage has grown substantially over the last decades. In 2014, around 91 percent of the Egyptian population received water directly into their residence. … 7.3 million people are deprived of access to safe water, among which 5.8 million live in rural areas and 1.5 million in urban areas.
Can you drink water in Egypt?
In Egypt, drinking water from the tap is not recommended. Water treatment plants in and around Cairo heavily chlorinate the supply, so the water in the capital is relatively safe to drink. However, it is advisable everywhere else in Egypt to purchase bottled water or drink treated or purified water.
How much of Egypt’s water comes from the Nile?
Ninety per cent of Egypt’s fresh water comes from the Nile, which runs south to north from Ethiopia’s highlands, the main source of the tributary called the Blue Nile (see ‘A river runs through it’).
Where does most of Egypts water come from?
The Nile river is the only water source for most of Egypt, including its capital Cairo shown here.
Is there underground water in Egypt?
Groundwater. Egypt has huge natural mineral water resources. However, most of them have not yet been significantly exploited.  The total amount of deep groundwater has been estimated at about 40,000 BCM.
What is the water problem in Egypt?
Egypt suffers from a water deficit of 30 billion cubic meters; it annually needs at least 110 billion cubic meters of water to cover its needs. However, it currently has only 80 billion cubic meters, of which 55.5 billion cubic meters come from the Nile.
How dirty is the Nile?
Despite its importance, the Nile is still heavily polluted in Egypt by waste water and rubbish poured directly in to it, as well as agricultural runoff and industrial waste, with consequences for biodiversity, especially fishing, and human health, experts say.
How water is used in Egypt?
The main water-using sector in Egypt is agriculture, followed by municipal and industrial uses. Total water withdrawal in 2000 was estimated at 68.3 km3.
How can we save water in Egypt?
** Strip irrigation: Egyptian farmers traditionally irrigate their fields by flooding or by supplying water through furrows. Strip irrigation applies water through furrows at wider intervals, i.e., a reduced number of furrows. We can expect to save up to 20% to 30% of the water for irrigation in the Nile Delta.