The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers. … The Portuguese called this coast Mina, “the mine,” while in European languages generally it became known as the Gold Coast.
Why did the Portuguese come to Africa?
Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
What name did the Portuguese give to Ghana?
Gold Coast & European Exploration: Before March 1957 Ghana was called the Gold Coast. The Portuguese who came to Ghana in the 15th Century found so much gold between the rivers Ankobra and the Volta that they named the place Mina – meaning Mine. The Gold Coast was later adopted to by the English colonisers.
When did Portuguese first arrive in Africa?
European exploration of Sub-Saharan Africa begins with the Age of Discovery in the 15th century, pioneered by the Kingdom of Portugal under Henry the Navigator.
Where did the Portuguese first settle?
Portuguese colonial settlement began in the Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira (1420) and the Azores (1439). Prior to Portuguese settlement, these island groups were uninhabited.
Who sold African slaves to the Portuguese?
Benin’s conflict over slavery is particularly intense. For over 200 years, powerful kings in what is now the country of Benin captured and sold slaves to Portuguese, French and British merchants.
Why Portugal is so poor?
Low wages, high costs
The cost of housing, energy, food, and many electronic goods is as high if not higher than in other European countries. So, life for many families is very tough indeed. Why should this be the case? Portugal’s relatively low productivity, the key driver of economic success, is the main reason.
What did Ghana used to be called?
Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break free from colonial rule. Gold, cocoa and more recently oil form the cornerstone of Ghana’s economy and have helped fuel an economic boom.
Who led the Portuguese to Ghana?
The Portuguese first reached what became known as the Gold Coast in 1471. Prince Henry the Navigator first sent ships to explore the African coast in 1418. The Portuguese had several motives for voyaging south. They were attracted by rumors of fertile African lands that were rich in gold and ivory.
Where did the Portuguese first stay in Ghana?
The Portuguese established the following settlements on the Gold Coast from 21 January 1482: Fort São Jorge da Mina de Ouro, modern Elmina: 21 January 1482 – 28–9 August 1637; this became the capital. Fort Santo António de Axim, modern Axim: 1486 – 1642. Fort São Francisco Xavier, modern Osu, district of Accra: 1640– …
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Does Portugal still have a royal family?
Although Portugal has been a republic since 1910, Duarte told Reuters he’d like to see a referendum on whether the constitution can be changed to bring back the monarchy and allow him to regain the family throne. …
What is Portuguese race considered?
Under the Department of Transportation now under the Department of Homeland Security — and the Small Business Administration, Portuguese are considered minorities under the label of “Portuguese.” The rest of the 49 states, to date if l’m not mistaken, group the Portuguese people as Hispanics.
Which year did the Portuguese arrived in Ghana?
The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers.
What was Portugal called before?
By the 11th and 12th centuries, Portugale was already referred to as Portugal. The etymology of Cale points to Cale being a Celtic name, like many others found in the region.
Which country colonized Ghana first?
Colonialism is a big topic, but it can only be understood by looking at human experiences. Formal colonialism first came to the region we today call Ghana in 1874, and British rule spread through the region into the early twentieth century. The British called the territory the “Gold Coast Colony”.