Women were guaranteed the right to vote and equality of opportunity was explicitly stated in the 1956 Egyptian constitution, forbidding gender-based discrimination. Labor laws were changed to ensure women’s standing in the work force and maternity leave was legally protected.
Does Egypt have gender equality?
In 2017, the UNDP’s Gender Inequality Index (GII) rated Egypt 115th out of 189 countries, with an overall value of 0.449, where a score of zero represents perfect gender parity according to the metrics used.
How many wives can you have in Egypt?
Egyptian law, based on the Koran, allows a man to have four wives.
What is the gender pay gap in Egypt?
Egyptian women are still paid less than men for equal work; the gender wage gap currently stands at 22 percent, the study showed.
Can a woman divorce in Egypt?
Women who seek divorce in Egypt have two options, fault-based or no-fault divorce (khula). Unlike men, women can only divorce by court action (tatliq).
What skin color were ancient Egyptian?
From Egyptian art, we know that people were depicted with reddish, olive, or yellow skin tones. The Sphinx has been described as having Nubian or sub-Saharan features. And from literature, Greek writers like Herodotus and Aristotle referred to Egyptians as having dark skin.
What race is from Egypt?
Afrocentric: the ancient Egyptians were black Africans, displaced by later movements of peoples, for example the Macedonian, Roman and Arab conquests. Eurocentric: the ancient Egyptians are ancestral to modern Europe.
Is there a wage gap in Egypt?
According to the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) 2012, the government employment is about 24 percent among men and 12 percent among women. According to recent statistics public sector employs 27 percent of all workers and 44 percent of the wage earners (Amin, 2014).
Is there equal pay in Egypt?
The Egyptian Labor Code explicitly prohibits wage discrimination, and the Labor Law guarantees equal pay for equal work. Several articles in the constitution support women in achieving work-life balance. In the public sector, female employees have the flexibility to request half-time work and in return get half paid.
Is there gender inequality in professional activity?
Women are not able to move up into higher paid positions as quickly as men. Some organizations have more inequality than others, and the extent to which it occurs can differ greatly. In the workplace the men usually hold the higher positions and the women often hold lower paid positions such as secretaries.
What are the marriage laws in Egypt?
The only legal marriage for foreigners in Egypt is a civil ceremony performed at the local marriage court, which is in accordance with Islamic practice. Persons wishing a religious ceremony may arrange for one separately, but it is the civil ceremony that establishes the legal marriage.
How can I get citizenship in Egypt?
A person may be naturalised as an Egyptian citizen after at least 10 consecutive years of residence in Egypt. Normally a person must be aged 21 or over in order to become a naturalized Egyptian citizen.