How does overpopulation affect Nigeria economy?
As a poor economy, rapid population growth inevitably reduces agricultural output per capita, leading to food insecurity and high fertility causes overall income per head to decline. Basic services fail Nigeria people in access, quality and quantity in part due to large population.
How does population affect Nigeria?
Thus, this research is aiming to point out the eminent and unavoidable results of continuous increase in human population in Nigeria. Some of these results are; depletion of resources, human congestion, weather modification, high unemployment rate, environmental degradation and a lot more.
Is overpopulation a problem in Nigeria?
Nigeria’s population growth is a product of persistent high fertility and consistently declining mortality. In 2018 the total fertility rate (or the average number of children per woman) was 5.3. and the death rate was 11.9 deaths per 1,000.
How does overpopulation affect the economy?
There are some benefits of overpopulation, more people means more labor force, it can product more things, and more people will buy the products, However, the growth of population should be similar to the food supply, so overpopulation will cause lack of food, and as the rate of growth of population exceeds the rate of …
What are the problems of population growth in Nigeria?
It also needs to recognize that population growth puts much pressure on the environment. For example, population growth causes soil erosion, nutrient exhaustion, rapid deforestation, and other problems which render the land unusable for agriculture.
Why is Nigeria population so high?
Nigeria’s population has been increasing rapidly for at least the last 5 decades due to very high birth rates, quadrupling its population during this time. Growth was fastest in the 1980s, after child mortality dropped rapidly, and has slowed slightly since then as the birth rate has declined slightly.
Is population growth good or bad for economic development?
At that time, the general view of economists was that high birth rates and rapid population growth in poor countries would divert scarce capital away from savings and investment, thereby placing a drag on economic development. … This leaves less for saving and investing in growth-enhancing activities.
What are the effect and consequences of population growth in Nigeria?
The population then competes directly for the finite resources that could have been used to generate income. The consequences are dire: most Nigerian children are chronically malnourished as there is a very high level of unemployment, limited access to formal education and shortage of social services.
What problems are caused by population growth?
Unsustainable population growth and lack of access to reproductive health care also puts pressure on human communities, exacerbating food and water shortages, reducing resilience in the face of climate change, and making it harder for the most vulnerable communities to rise out of intergenerational poverty.
What is the main problem with Japan’s population?
Since Japan’s overall population is shrinking due to low fertility rates, the aging population is rapidly increasing. Factors such as improved nutrition, advanced medical and pharmacological technologies reduced the prevalence of diseases, improving living conditions.
What are the population problems?
Both domestic and global population growth is adding to conflicts over water, energy, food, open space and wilderness, transportation infrastructure, school rooms, and numerous other problems. … In developing countries, large family size is a major cause of poverty and poor health.
What is effect of overpopulation?
Consequences number, on the one hand, deforestation and desertification, extinction of animal and plant species and changes in the water cycle and the most direct consequence of all in the form of emissions of large quantities of greenhouse gases leading to global warming.
What are the negative impacts of an Ageing population?
The impact of population aging is enormous and multifaceted i.e., deteriorating fiscal balance, changes in patterns of saving and investment, shortage in labor supply, lack of adequate welfare system, particular in developing economies, a possible decline in productivity and economic growth, and ineffectiveness of …
What countries are most affected by overpopulation?
Singapore is the world’s most overpopulated state, followed by Israel and Kuwait, according to a new league table ranking countries by their degree of overpopulation.
What are the causes and effects of overpopulation?
Poverty is believed to be the leading cause of overpopulation. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population.