Open up holes (10×10) ft spacing for Robusta coffee and (8×8) ft for Arabica coffee. Remove the polythene sleeve from the root ball. Carefully loosen caked soils around the roots to ease water uptake and root development. Place the plant in the hole with the collar at the level with the surrounding soil.
How much can I earn from an acre of coffee in Uganda?
Elite Robusta coffee yield will give you a minimum of 5kg per plant e.g. 2,250kg per season, with a corresponding gross income of 5,625,000m shs per acre per season.
How do I start a coffee farm in Uganda?
TIPS ON ESTABLISHING A COFFEE GARDEN
- Spacing: The spacing between Robusta plants is 10 feet by 10 feet and between Arabica ones is 8 feet by 8 feet.
- Dig right size holes – 2 feet long x 2 feet wide x 2 feet deep.
- While digging holes: heap the top soil on one side and bottom soil on another side.
How long does coffee take to mature in Uganda?
Coffee starts full production after three years. Given the apparent effects of weather changes, it is recommended to plant shade trees in coffee farms at appropriate spacing and intercrop it with bananas.
How many coffee trees can I plant per acre?
The young shrubs are planted in rows spaced so that the density varies between 500 and 750 plants per acre (1,200 and 1,800 plants per hectare).
How much is a kilo of coffee in Uganda?
The price in Uganda Shilling is UGX 5646.05 per kg.
Is coffee farming profitable?
The SCA Farm Profitability Report suggests that the most economically viable, long term scenario for many farmers is to produce green coffee at a cost of less than $2.50 per pound. … In Mesoamerica, for example, Promecafé notes that average export values of green coffee struggle to reach $1.70 per pound.
Does coffee grow in Uganda?
Uganda has always been famous for its Robusta coffee, an indigenous species that still grows wild in the country’s rainforests. Yet you’ll also find Arabica growing in three regions: Mount Elgon in the east, the Rwenzori Mountains in the southwest, and West Nile in the northwest.
How long does coffee take to grow?
Depending on the variety, it will take approximately 3 to 4 years for the newly planted coffee trees to bear fruit. The fruit, called the coffee cherry, turns a bright, deep red when it is ripe and ready to be harvested. There is typically one major harvest a year.
Where is coffee grown Uganda?
2.2 Coffee production areas in Uganda
Robusta Coffee is grown in the low altitude areas of Central, Eastern, Western and South Eastern Uganda up to 1,200 meters above sea level. Arabica coffee on the other hand is grown in the highland areas on the slopes of Mount Elgon in the East and Mt. Rwenzori and Mt.
How many years can a coffee tree yield fruit for?
Two years after transplanting, it produces berries. Known for its umbrella – shaped growth . The Robusta plants produces berriers four years after transplanting .
Which type of soil is best for growing coffee?
Coffee can be grown on many different soil types, but the ideal is a fertile, volcanic red earth or a deep, sandy loam. Yellow-brown, high silt soils are less preferred. Avoid heavy clay or poor-draining soils.
How much land do you need to grow coffee?
Every cup of coffee you drink requires 1.4 square feet of land to be cultivated, an area bigger than your average computer screen!
How much does a coffee tree produce?
The average coffee tree produces 10 pounds of coffee cherry per year, or 2 pounds of green beans. All commercially grown coffee is from a region of the world called the Coffee Belt. The trees grow best in rich soil, with mild temperatures, frequent rain and shaded sun.
How much water does a coffee tree need?
HIGH: WATER ROUGHLY ONCE A WEEK.
During less sunny months allow the soil to dry 1-2 inches down at most and water very deeply each time.
How can I maximize my coffee production?
The highest coffee yields are obtained on freely drained soils where water is not limiting. Thorough soil preparation prior to planting, and maintenance of pH between 5.2- 6.3, good rooting and that nutrients are readily available. It is therefore important to balance the cations in the soil at this stage.