Great Zimbabwe was a major urban center in southern Africa with an estimated population of at least 18,000. What enabled Great Zimbabwe’s growth as an urban center? … As African civilizations developed, great trading states arose.
What enabled Great Zimbabwe’s growth as an urban center?
Archaeological evidence suggests that Great Zimbabwe became a center for trading, with a trade network linked to Kilwa Kisiwani and extending as far as China. This international trade was mainly in gold and ivory. The rulers of Zimbabwe brought artistic and stone masonry traditions from Mapungubwe.
What are the factors that led to the rise of Great Zimbabwe?
Mining-iron, gold, tin and copper all contributed to the rise of the Great Zimbabwe state. The rulers became wealthy in mineral resources and the control of these resources enabled the Shona to exert control over neighbouring groups and for the rulers to exert control over their subjects.
How did Great Zimbabwe grow wealthy and powerful?
How did the Great Zimbabwe grow wealthy and powerful? From the trade routes that passed through the city. Even though Great Zimbabwe didn’t mine the gold they taxed the traders and demanded gold payments from the region’s less powerful leaders. … Man named Mutota left Zimbabwe and traveled north, looking for salt.
What enabled Zimbabwe in power?
By 1200 C.E., the city had grown strong, and was well known as an important religious and trading center. Some believe that religion triggered the city’s rise to power, and that the tall tower was used for worship. The people of Great Zimbabwe most likely worshipped Mwari, the supreme god in the Shona religion.
Who really built Great Zimbabwe?
Pikirayi wrote that archaeologists have long since dismissed claims that Great Zimbabwe was built by Phoenicians, people from Europe or the Queen of Sheba. Today, scholars widely believed that Great Zimbabwe was built by the ancestors of the Shona and other groups located in Zimbabwe and nearby countries.
What does Great Zimbabwe’s name in Shona mean?
What does Great Zimbabwe’s name in Shona, madzimbabwe, mean? Gold, Ivory, and Copper.
What was the basis for the growth of Great Zimbabwe?
With an economy based on cattle husbandry, crop cultivation, and the trade of gold on the coast of the Indian Ocean, Great Zimbabwe was the heart of a thriving trading empire from the 11th to the 15th centuries. The word zimbabwe, the country’s namesake, is a Shona (Bantu) word meaning “stone houses.”
What led to a decline in Great Zimbabwe quizlet?
What factors might have led to the decline of Great Zimbabwe? The factors that might have led were overusing the resources or people shifting trading systems.
Who was the leader of Great Zimbabwe?
He befriended another German, Adam Render, who was living in the tribe of Chief Pika, a Karanga leader, and who led him to Great Zimbabwe.
What was life like in Great Zimbabwe?
At its largest Great Zimbabwe had a population of between 10 000 and 20 000 people. Most of them lived far away from the main stone buildings, with only 200 to 300 royals and advisers living inside the main city, which was the centre of their society.
What interpretation has been made for the buildings of Great Zimbabwe?
Because the Great Enclosure shares many structural similarities with the Hill Ruin, one interpretation suggests that the Great Enclosure was built to accommodate a surplus population and its religious and administrative activities.
What is the Great Zimbabwe known for?
Great Zimbabwe was a medieval African city known for its large circular wall and tower. It was part of a wealthy African trading empire that controlled much of the East African coast from the 11th to the 15th centuries C.E.
What is the major religion in Zimbabwe?
Christianity is the dominant religion in Zimbabwe.
What type of government did Great Zimbabwe have?
Type of Government
Named after the immense granite complex that served as its center of power, Great Zimbabwe was ruled by a hereditary monarchy of Shona elite who reached the peak of their power and influence in the mid-fifteenth century.
Why is Great Zimbabwe still important to the modern country of Zimbabwe?
It is recognised as a World Heritage site by UNESCO. Great Zimbabwe is believed to have served as a royal palace for the local monarch. As such, it would have been used as the seat of political power. Among the edifice’s most prominent features were its walls, some of which are eleven metres high.