Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. … France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco, and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
When did France and Spain colonize Morocco?
French Morocco (1912-1956) Crisis (March 30, 1912-August 18, 1955): France established a protectorate over Morocco as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Fez on March 30, 1912. Moroccan soldiers mutinied against French commanders in Fez beginning on April 17, 1912.
When did Spain colonize Morocco?
The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate.
When did France occupy Morocco?
The protectorate was officially established 30 March 1912, when Sultan Abd al-Hafid signed the Treaty of Fes, though the French military occupation of Morocco had begun with the invasion of Oujda and the bombardment of Casablanca in 1907.
French Protectorate in Morocco.
|Preceded by||Succeeded by|
|Alaouite Sultanate||Kingdom of Morocco|
How did French colonization affect Morocco?
Other ways that the French Protectorate still has an impact today is through the many railways, roads, and trading posts built in Morocco. … These schools were more secular and less focused on religion (Moroccan Soul: French Education, Colonial Ethnology, and Muslim Resistance, 1912-1956, Google Books).
What was Morocco like before colonization?
Before the advent of colonization and the imposition of the protectorate on Morocco, the country was fully sovereign, independent, and united. And the Sahara was under Moroccan sovereignty. During that era there was no entity whatsoever in the Sahara that was separate from Morocco.
Why was Spain fighting in Morocco?
Spain worked to pacify a large part of the most violent areas until 1914, a slow process of consolidation of frontiers that lasted until 1919 due to World War I. The following year, after the signing of the Treaty of Fez, the northern Moroccan area was adjudicated to Spain as a protectorate.
Who colonized Morocco first?
The recorded history of Morocco begins with the Phoenician colonization of the Moroccan coast between the 8th and 6th centuries BCE, although the area was inhabited by indigenous Berbers for some two thousand years before that.
Is Morocco owned by France?
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate.
What was Morocco called before?
Morocco was known as the Kingdom of Marrakesh under the three dynasties that made Marrakesh their capital. Then, it was known as the Kingdom of Fes, after the dynasties which had Fez as their capital.
Who colonized Morocco?
The French Protectorate consisted of a majority, about nine-tenths, of Morocco. France controlled the Moroccan land to the south of the Spanish Protectorate. The capital city of the French Protectorate was Rabat (History of Morocco to the Present Day, Moroccansands.com).
Did the French invade Morocco?
The French conquest of Morocco began in 1907 and continued until 1934. By the Treaty of Fez of 1912, France gained a protectorate over Morocco and spent the next two decades taking control of the country.
What country owns Morocco?
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez. 1956 – End of French protectorate after unrest and strong nationalist sentiment. Spain keeps its two coastal enclaves. Sultan Mohammed becomes king in 1957.
What is the relationship between Morocco and France?
Current relations between France and Morocco have been characterized as very friendly. As a francophone former colony (that nominally kept its independence) of France, Morocco falls into the cadre of Françafrique, a term used to refer to often neocolonial relations between France and its former colonies in Africa.