How can we prevent malaria in Zambia?

The key malaria prevention, control and management strategies that Zambia took to mitigate the disease are: (1) vector control using indoor residual spraying (IRS) and promotion of ownership and use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs); (2) malaria case management using effective diagnostics and lifesaving drugs- …

How is malaria prevented?

Protection from mosquitoes

  1. Apply insect repellent to exposed skin. …
  2. Wear long-sleeved clothing and long pants if you are outdoors at night.
  3. Use a mosquito net over the bed if your bedroom is not air-conditioned or screened. …
  4. Spray an insecticide or repellent on clothing, as mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing.

What are the prevention and control of malaria?

The main current measures are focused on reduction of the contact between mosquitoes and humans, the destruction of larvae by environmental management and the use of larvicides or mosquito larvae predators, and destruction of adult mosquitoes by indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets.

What are two ways to prevent malaria?

Prevent Mosquito Bites

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Mosquitoes that transmit malaria bite between dusk and dawn. Prevent mosquito bites by staying indoors during this time. If out-of-doors, wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and a hat. Apply insect repellent to exposed skin only; do not use under clothing.

What is the commonest cause of malaria in Zambia?

Malaria: The disease

While there are four types of parasites that can cause malaria in humans, Plasmodium falciparum is by far the most deadly and common, particularly in Zambia and throughout sub-Saharan Africa.

Can malaria be completely cured?

Malaria can be treated. If the right drugs are used, people who have malaria can be cured and all the malaria parasites can be cleared from their body. However, the disease can continue if it is not treated or if it is treated with the wrong drug. Some drugs are not effective because the parasite is resistant to them.

What is the main cause of malaria?

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, called “malaria vectors.” There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species – P. falciparum and P.

What is the best treatment for malaria?

ACT is a combination of two or more drugs that work against the malaria parasite in different ways. This is usually the preferred treatment for chloroquine-resistant malaria.

Medications

  • Atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone)
  • Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin) with doxycycline (Oracea, Vibramycin, others)
  • Primaquine phosphate.

3.02.2021

How can malaria be controlled in the community?

These include closing the doors and windows in the evenings to prevent entry of mosquitoes into human dwellings; using mosquito repellant lotions, creams, mats or coils and regular use of bednets. Using bednets is one of the safest methods of preventing and controlling malaria.

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Why is it difficult to treat malaria?

Malaria is a difficult disease to control largely due to the highly adaptable nature of the vector and parasites involved.

Is malaria a virus?

A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes.

How bad is malaria in Zambia?

Malaria prevalence, cases, map, treatment, risk and deaths in Zambia. Zambia is among the 20 countries with the highest malaria incidence and mortality globally. The country carries 2% of the global malaria case burden and 5.2% of the case burden in East and Southern Africa.

Can you eliminate malaria in Zambia by 2021?

Zambia’s National Malaria Strategic Plan lays out a strategy to move from accelerated burden reduction to malaria elimination by 2021. Zambia’s malaria elimination strategy involves a two-pronged approach that targets areas with a package of interventions based on transmission levels.

What type of malaria is found in Zambia?

falciparum malaria is present in all malarious areas of Zambia.

Hai Afrika!