Malaria is transmitted all over Nigeria; 76 % of the population live in high transmission areas while 24 % of the population live in low transmission areas. The transmission season can last all year round in the south and is about 3 months or less in the northern part of the country.
Who is most affected by malaria in Nigeria?
Malaria accounts for 60% of outpatient visits and 30% of hospitalizations among children under five years of age in Nigeria. Malaria has the greatest prevalence, close to 50%, in children age 6-59 months in the South West, North Central, and North West regions.
How many cases of malaria are there per year in Nigeria?
Malaria in Nigeria
There are an estimated 100 million malaria cases with over 300,000 deaths per year in Nigeria.
Who is most at risk for malaria?
People who are heavily exposed to the bites of mosquitoes infected with P. falciparum are most at risk of dying from malaria. People who have little or no immunity to malaria, such as young children and pregnant women or travelers coming from areas with no malaria, are more likely to become very sick and die.
Where is malaria the worst?
The six highest burden countries in the WHO African region (in order of estimated number of cases) are: Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique and Cote d’Ivoire. These six countries account for an estimated 103 million (or 47%) of malaria cases.
What is Nigeria doing to prevent malaria?
To reduce the malaria burden, the National Malaria Elimination Programme (NMEP) of the Federal Ministry of Health has been working with partners to significantly expand key interventions, including insecticide-treated nets, targeted indoor residual spraying, intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy, and effective …
Is malaria a virus?
Malaria is caused by single-celled microorganisms of the Plasmodium group. The disease is most commonly spread by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito’s saliva into a person’s blood.
|Deaths||409,000 in 2019|
Is malaria a pandemic or epidemic?
Examples of major epidemics include cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malaria, and dengue fever. A pandemic is an epidemic of infec- tious disease that spreads through human popula- tions across a large region, multiple continents or globally. These are diseases that infect humans and can spread easily.
Is malaria curable or not?
In general, malaria is a curable disease if diagnosed and treated promptly and correctly. All the clinical symptoms associated with malaria are caused by the asexual erythrocytic or blood stage parasites.
Why is there no malaria in Europe?
Malaria was eradicated from Europe in the 1970s through a combination of insecticide spraying, drug therapy and environmental engineering. Since then, it has been mostly imported into the continent by international travellers and immigrants from endemic regions.
What countries have malaria problems?
Nineteen countries in sub-Saharan Africa and India carried almost 85% of the global malaria burden. Six countries accounted for more than half of all malaria cases worldwide: Nigeria (25%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), and Côte d’Ivoire, Mozambique and Niger (4% each).
How long does malaria stay in your system?
In general, it takes about two weeks of treatment to be cured of malaria. However, in some individuals, relapses are possible. The time period from initial parasite infection to the appearance of symptoms varies according to the particular species of Plasmodium that infects an individual. For example, P.