The development of the Volta River Basin was proposed in 1949, but because funds were insufficient, the American company Volta Aluminum Company (Valco) lent money to Ghana so that the dam could be constructed. Kwame Nkrumah adopted the Volta River hydropower project.
Who funded the Akosombo Dam?
Funded by the World Bank, the UK and the United States, the ambitious project has been called ‘the largest single investment in the economic development plans of Ghana’. The scheme was designed to generate electricity for Ghana’s aluminium industry.
What are the benefits of the Akosombo Dam?
The creation of Lake Volta and the hydroelectric power scheme have brought economic and social benefits: the dam generates electricity which in turn supports aluminium manufacture and generates income, whilst the lake allows easier inland transport and is a potentially valuable resource for irrigation, fishing and …
How electricity is generated at Akosombo?
In January 1966, Ghana’s first president Kwame Nkrumah inaugurated the newly independent country’s most ambitious development project, the Akosombo Dam across the Volta River. The dam created a hydroelectric power plant, which fueled an aluminum smelter and provided electricity to urban centers and adjacent countries.
What is the main benefit of the Volta River scheme?
The Volta River scheme involves the production of hydro-electrical power by damming the river and applying the great volume o f resultant cheap power to convert our bauxite resources into aluminium and to provide electrification for the nation’s other industries.
What are the disadvantages of the Akosombo Dam?
… The construction of the Akosombo Dam modified the Volta River hydrology. This resulted in waterborne diseases such as schistosomiasis and the introduction of water plants that affected aquatic life in the Volta River (Gyau-Boakye, 2001) .
Is Bui Dam working?
Bui will be the second largest hydroelectric generating plant in the country after the Akosombo Dam.
|Construction began||Preparatory: January 2008 Main dam: December 2009|
|Construction cost||US$622 million|
What’s the biggest dam in the world?
Kariba Dam, Zimbabwe
Kariba Dam is the world’s biggest dam based on water storage capacity. Located at the former Kariwa (Kariba) Gorge, the dam creates Lake Kariba, which has a storage capacity of 185 billion cubic metres of water and a surface area of 5,580km2.
What DAM means?
1a : a barrier preventing the flow of water or of loose solid materials (such as soil or snow) a beaver dam an ice dam especially, civil engineering : a barrier built across a watercourse for impounding (see impound sense 2) water. b : a barrier to check the flow of liquid, gas, or air.
How many dams do we have in Ghana?
Ghana has three large hydroelectric dams, Akosombo, Kpong and Bui.
Did the Queen go to Ghana?
In 1961, Queen Elizabeth visited several countries around the world, but perhaps what was most notable was her very first trip to Ghana, a country in West Africa. The young Queen showed during this trip that while the Royal’s family’s powers were limited the monarchy could still have an impact.
Who brought electricity to Ghana?
The main source of supply was the Volta River Authority with six 127MW turbines installed at the Akosombo Hydroelectric Project. At this time, this project provided the bulk of all electricity consumed in Ghana, some 60 percent of which was purchased by Volta Aluminum Company (Valco) for its smelter.
Which country supplies light to Ghana?
Nigeria will increase its supply of electricity to Ghana through the West African Power Pool, which comes on-stream this month.
How successful was the damming of the Volta River?
The construction of the Akosombo dam resulted in the flooding of part of the Volta River Basin and its upstream fields, and in the creation of Lake Volta which covers 3.6% of Ghana’s total land area.
Where is River Volta found?
The Volta River is the main river system in the West African country of Ghana. It flows south into Ghana from Bobo-Dioulasso highlands of Burkina Faso.
What is the meaning of Akosombo?
Akosombo is a small town in the south of the Asuogyaman District, Eastern Region, Ghana with notable street names of some African Countries in the sub-region like Ghana, Congo, Namibia, Lagos-town, Freetown etc. It is preoccupied by people of diverse ethnic background like the Akans, Ewe, Krobo and other ethics.