On October 1, 1961, the largely Muslim northern two-thirds of British Cameroons voted to join Nigeria; the largely Christian southern third, Southern Cameroons, voted, in a referendum, to join with the Republic of Cameroon to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
How did Cameroon became a country?
In British Cameroons the major question was whether to remain with Nigeria or to unite with the newly independent Republic of Cameroon. In a UN-supervised plebiscite in February 1961, the south decided to unite with the former French Cameroun, creating the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
When was Cameroon created?
Was Cameroon a French colony?
Colony and mandate
The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the “Scramble for Africa” at the end of the 19th century. During World War I, it was occupied by French and Belgian troops. … The French mandate was known as Cameroun, in French West Africa.
Is Cameroon part of Nigeria before?
A United Nations referendum was held in British Cameroons on 11 February 1961 to determine whether the territory should join neighbouring Cameroon or Nigeria. Northern Cameroon officially became part of Nigeria on 1 June, whilst Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon on 1 October. …
Is Cameroon a poor country?
Because its poverty reduction rate is lagging behind its population growth rate, the overall number of poor in Cameroon increased by 12% to 8.1 million between 2007 and 2014, and poverty is increasingly concentrated in the country’s northern regions, where 56% of the poor live.
What was the original name of Cameroon?
Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English.
What race is Cameroon?
The country has been described as an “ethnic crossroads” because of its more than 200 different ethnic groups. There are three main linguistic groups: the Bantu-speaking peoples of the south, the Sudanic-speaking peoples of the north, and those who speak the Semi-Bantu languages, situated mainly in the west.
Why did Germany want Cameroon?
In 1883, the German government asked German merchants their opinion about the development of West African trade; the merchants complained about British and French competition. As a result, Bismarck ordered his local representative, Dr. Gustav Nachtigal, to proceed with the annexation.
What animal is Cameroon named after?
Cameroon’s colonial name comes from the cameros, or prawns, that 15th-century explorers found in the Wouri River.
What was Cameroon called before independence?
French Cameroun became independent, as Cameroun or Cameroon, in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised question of what to do with the British territory.
Who was the first German teacher in Cameroon?
1: EDUCATION : The first German teacher in Cameroon was Theodore Christaller.
Why was Cameroon involved in the Second World War?
The war was a means of employment: The Cameroonians who served in the war are soldiers, carriers, and so were paid for their services. The need for raw materials: This was a factor that encouraged Britain to involve Cameroonians in the war so that they could supply raw materials.
What is Cameroon Africa known for?
Cameroon is often known as “Africa in miniature” because of its geographical and cultural diversity. The Central African country has one of the highest literacy rates on the continent, but its economic progress has been hampered by corruption and decades of authoritarian rule.
Is Cameroon a good country?
When taking heed of the population, the nation’s GDP per capita of $1,400 places it near the bottom of the pack globally, at 152nd place, and 26th out of 55 countries in Africa. Despite the sobering figures above, Cameroon’s economy has made great strides towards becoming a prosperous emerging market in recent years.
Which country Colonised Nigeria?
Nigeria became a British protectorate in 1901. The period of colonisation lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded.