The seventh largest lake in the world (and the fourth largest in Africa), Lake Chad is located in the sahelian zone, a region just south of the Sahara Desert. The Chari River contributes 95 percent of Lake Chad’s water, an average annual volume of 40 billion cubic meters, 95% of which is lost to evaporation.
Does Chad have a lot of water?
Desertification turns already dry land regions more arid and desert-like, which causes the bodies of waters to dry up. The water supply that community in Chad receives is very low and even when they receive water, it most likely is polluted. Lake Chad is one of the main water sources where Chad gets its water from.
How much water is there in Chad?
|Surface area||1,540 km2 (590 sq mi) (2020)|
|Average depth||1.5 m (4 ft 11 in)|
|Max. depth||11 m (36 ft)|
|Water volume||6.3 km3 (1.5 cu mi)|
Is there clean water in Chad?
Chad has one of the lowest rates of access to safe drinking water and sanitation services in the world. While access to safe water and sanitation is improving in urban areas, children in rural areas are almost always at risk from these water and sanitation-related diseases.
Why is water scarcity in Chad?
Water scarcity in Chad
This is reported to be caused from an increasing population, overfishing and overgrazing, increase in irrigation and rice farming which requires more water. Major overgrazing in the region has caused loss of vegetation and serious deforestation, contributing to the drier climate.
What percent of Chad has clean water?
Access to basic drinking water services is at 43 per cent and to sanitation is at 10 per cent (Joint Monitoring Programme, 2017). Less than one in two children has access to safe drinking water, while only one in ten has access to improved sanitation and one in 17 children wash their hands with soap and water.
Is Lake Chad disappearing?
The water body has diminished by 90% since the 1960s due to overuse and climate change effects. Conflict between herders and farmers became common as livelihoods were lost. Families who relied on the lake started migrating to other areas in search of water.
What happened Lake Mega-Chad?
Lake Chad – a source of water to millions of people in West Africa – has shrunk by nine-tenths due to climate change, population growth and irrigation. … Lake Chad has shrunk by 90% since the 1960s, due to climate change, an increase in the population and unplanned irrigation.
Is Lake Chad freshwater or saltwater?
Lake Chad, French Lac Tchad, freshwater lake located in the Sahelian zone of west-central Africa at the conjunction of Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.
What is an interesting fact about Chad?
World’s 21st largest country by land area
Chad, by land area, is the world’s 21st largest country. With a 0.845% landmass of the total landmass of the world and a land area of 1,259,200 square kilometers, Chad is smaller than Peru and larger than South Africa. It is the fifth-largest country in Africa.
How clean is Australia Water?
The World Bank’s Development Indicators list Australia as having 100% access to clean water and effective sanitation.
How is the education in Chad?
Education in Chad is challenging due to the nation’s dispersed population and a certain degree of reluctance on the part of parents to send their children to school. Although attendance is compulsory, only 68% of boys continue their education past primary school, and over half of the population is illiterate.
What is the literacy rate in Chad?
Chad – Adult (15+) literacy rate
In 2016, adult literacy rate for Chad was 22.3 %. Adult literacy rate of Chad increased from 10.9 % in 1993 to 22.3 % in 2016 growing at an average annual rate of 30.88%.
Does Chad still exist?
Chad is a large landlocked country spanning north-central Africa. It covers an area of 1,284,000 square kilometres (496,000 sq mi), lying between latitudes 7° and 24°N, and 13° and 24°E, and is the twentieth-largest country in the world.
What is the environment like in Chad?
Chad has a hot and tropical climate, though temperatures do vary depending on area. The southern rainy season runs May-October, and the central rains from June-September. The north has very little rain all year. The dry season is often windy, and cooler during the evenings.
When did Lake Mega-Chad dry up?
The northern basin of Lake Mega-Chad, currently the world’s greatest dust source, became dry around 1,000 years ago.