Tonga (Chitonga), also known as Zambezi, is a Bantu language primarily spoken by the Tonga people who live mainly in the Southern and Western provinces of Zambia, and in northern Zimbabwe, with a few in Mozambique. … It is one of the major lingua francas in Zambia, together with Bemba, Lozi and Nyanja.
What does the word Tonga mean in Zambia?
Like many other tribes in Zambia, the name of the tribe is also name of the language, which is the case for the Tonga. … The name ‘Tonga’ means independent’, which refers to the fact that before colonization, the Tonga tribe did not have chiefs (traditional leaders) as other tribes did.
Is there a tonga in Africa?
Tonga, Bantu-speaking people who inhabit the southern portion of Zambia and neighbouring areas of northern Zimbabwe and Botswana. Numbering more than one million in the early 21st century, the Tonga are concentrated along the Zambezi Escarpment and along the shores of Lake Kariba.
Where is Tonga spoken?
|Native to||Tonga; significant immigrant community in New Zealand and the United States|
|Native speakers||187,000 96,000 in Tonga (1998) 73,000 elsewhere (no date), primarily in NZ, U.S., and Australia|
|Language family||Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian Oceanic Polynesian Tongic Tongan|
What’s the most spoken language in Zambia?
What race are Tonga people?
Tongans, who are ethnically Polynesian with a mixture of Melanesian, account for over 98% of the inhabitants of the country. 1.5% are mixed Tongans, while the rest are European, particularly British, mixed European or other Pacific Islander.
What is the religion of Tonga?
Religions: Protestant 64.1% (includes Free Wesleyan Church 35%, Free Church of Tonga 11.9%, Church of Tonga 6.8%, Assembly of God 2.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 2.2%, Tokaikolo Christian Church 1.6%, other 4.3%), Mormon 18.6%, Roman Catholic 14.2%, other 2.4%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.1% (2016 est.)
What does Tonga mean in Africa?
Tonga, Kingdom of Tonga, Friendly Islands(noun) a monarchy on a Polynesian archipelago in the South Pacific; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1970. Tonga(noun) the language of the Tongan people of south central Africa (Zambia and Rhodesia)
Who is the king of Tonga now?
Tupou VISince 2012
What is the language of Tonga?
Is Tonga a poor country?
The Polynesian Kingdom of Tonga is home to around 102,000 people. … The poverty rate in Tonga is 22.1 percent; in other words, one out of every five Tongans lives below the poverty line. Among the eight nations in the Pacific region, Tonga has the third lowest poverty rate, proceeded by the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
What country owns Tonga?
The U.S. Peace Corps is active in Tonga and in 2017 celebrated its 50th anniversary in the country. Tonga was a protected state of the United Kingdom until 1970. It is the South Pacific’s last Polynesian kingdom, a constitutional hereditary monarchy.
How safe is Tonga?
Crime levels in Tonga are relatively low, however incidents of robberies, violent assaults and sexual assaults do occur, including against foreigners. House break-ins and property theft also occur. Security risks increase after dark and in isolated areas.
Who are the people of Zambia?
Zambia’s population is comprised of about seventy-two Bantu-speaking ethnic groups but almost 90% of Zambians belong to the nine main ethnolinguistic groups: the Bemba, Nyanja-Chewa, Tonga, Tumbuka (spoken in the Eastern Province and eastern part Nothern Province), Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Nkoya and Lozi.
Does Zambia speak English?
Almost 50 years after independence from Britain, English is still Zambia’s main official language. … Yet their country has a rich linguistic heritage and seven out of an estimated 70 local languages have official status: Bemba, Nyanja, Lozi, Tonga, Kaonde, Luvale and Lunda.
What is the largest ethnic group in Zambia?
The Bemba People
The largest ethnic group in Zambia are the Bemba.