According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, malaria is still the second biggest cause of reported deaths after respiratory infections, with nearly 70 percent of the country’s 46 million people at risk from the disease.
What country in Africa is most affected by malaria?
Most were in the WHO African Region, with an estimated 200 million cases, or 92% of global cases. In 2017, five countries accounted for nearly half of all malaria cases worldwide. Four of these were in Africa: Nigeria (25%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), and Uganda (4%).
How does malaria affect Africa?
Once seen as a consequence of poverty, malaria is now regarded as one of its causes. Experts say malaria slows economic growth in Africa by up to 1.3 percent per year. Rural and poor people are especially at risk because they are least likely to have the means to prevent and treat malaria.
Why is there no malaria in Nairobi?
The Plasmodium parasite is transmitted to man by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. … In Nairobi, the climate and altitude are not conducive for malaria transmission at any time.
Is malaria endemic in Kenya?
Approximately 70 percent of the population is at risk for malaria, with 14 million people in endemic areas, and another 17 million in areas of epidemic and seasonal malaria. All four species of Plasmodium parasites that infect humans occur in Kenya.
Which country has most malaria cases?
In 2019, the region was home to 94% of all malaria cases and deaths. In 2019, 6 countries accounted for approximately half of all malaria deaths worldwide: Nigeria (23%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), United Republic of Tanzania (5%), Burkina Faso (4%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (4% each).
Why is Africa most affected by malaria?
The costs of malaria – to individuals, families, communities, nations – are enormous. Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission.
What are the current consequences of malaria?
Malaria is a disease caused by parasites of the Plasmodium species transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. If left untreated, the infection in its most severe forms can lead to permanent learning disabilities, coma, and death.
What percentage of malaria patients die?
According to the World Malaria Report 2018, there were 219 million cases of malaria globally in 2017 (uncertainty range 203–262 million) and 435 000 malaria deaths, representing a decrease in malaria cases and deaths rates of 18% and 28% since 2010, respectively.
What are the 5 types of malaria?
What Are the Different Types of Malaria Parasites?
- Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)
- Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)
- Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)
- Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)
- Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)
Why is malaria so common in Kenya?
Transmission patterns of the disease in Kenya are influenced by rainfall, vector species, intensity of biting, and altitude. Stable malaria occurs in most parts of Coast, Nyanza, and Western Provinces. Transmission is high in these areas with an average of one infective bite/person/week throughout the year.
Can someone get malaria in Nairobi?
Malaria risk is high throughout the year in the whole country, but low in Nairobi, the immediate surrounding areas, and the highlands (above 2500m) of Central, Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley and Western Provinces. Note that there can be a high risk in valleys of the highlands.
Is Mombasa a malaria risk?
Mombasa is particularly at risk of malaria infection due to environmental conditions in neighbouring communities which allow the mosquitoes to breed and spread the disease after flooding.
Is malaria a bacteria?
A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes.
Is malaria curable or not?
In general, malaria is a curable disease if diagnosed and treated promptly and correctly. All the clinical symptoms associated with malaria are caused by the asexual erythrocytic or blood stage parasites.
Is malaria a pandemic or epidemic?
Examples of major epidemics include cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malaria, and dengue fever. A pandemic is an epidemic of infec- tious disease that spreads through human popula- tions across a large region, multiple continents or globally. These are diseases that infect humans and can spread easily.