What is the effect of drought in Ethiopia?
Impacts of the 2015–16 drought
3 Over 75% of crop production was reported lost in most of the areas affected, a million livestock were reported to have died, and 1.7 million people plus a further 435,000 were estimated to have experienced, respectively, moderate-to-acute malnutrition or severe-acute malnutrition.
What are the effect of drought?
Examples of drought impacts on society include anxiety or depression about economic losses, conflicts when there is not enough water, reduced incomes, fewer recreational activities, higher incidents of heat stroke, and even loss of human life. Drought conditions can also provide a substantial increase in wildfire risk.
Why do droughts occur in Ethiopia?
The causes of drought are either natural or manmade or both. Scientific investigations have revealed that the primary cause is the fluctuation of the general atmospheric circulation. As a consequence of such fluctuations the rain-producing components for Ethiopia have been weakened or dislocated during drought years.
What are the causes and effects of drought?
The soil starts drying out and plants die. When this pattern continues for several weeks, months or years, the flow of streams and rivers decreases and water levels in lakes, reservoirs and wells fall. Eventually, the unusual dry weather causes water supply issues, and the dry period becomes a drought.
What is the history of drought in Ethiopia?
Ethiopia suffers from recurrent drought and famine. In 1984-85, war and drought caused a food crisis during which around one million people died – a disaster from which Ethiopia never fully recovered. In 1999-2000, rains failed again, affecting eight million people.
Which country is most affected by drought?
The Most Drought Prone Countries in the World
- Ethiopia. Poor harvests and recurrent insecurity in some regions of Ethiopia has led to food instability and falling food reserves across the country.
- Sudan. About 2.8 million people in Sudan are affected by drought every year. …
- Eritrea. …
- Afghanistan. …
- China. …
- Pakistan. …
- Iran. …
- Somalia. …
What are 5 causes of drought?
Here are the 5 natural and human causes of drought:
- 1) Land and water temperatures cause drought. …
- 2) Air circulation and weather patterns also cause drought. …
- 3) Soil moisture levels also contribute to drought. …
- 4) Drought can also be a supply and demand of water issue.
What are the main causes of drought?
A lack of water in stores such as rivers, lakes, reservoirs and aquifers (water stored underground naturally) can lead to drought. Areas that rely on rainfall and surface water are more likely to experience drought. Surface water quickly evaporates in warm, dry conditions leading to an increased risk of drought.
How can the effects of drought be reduced?
Mulching – Covering bare soil with wood chips, straw or other plants material can help to hold the soil in place. Conservation Crop Rotation – Switching to crops that require less water can allow a field to remain productive and provide erosion protection. Minimize the effects of drought on your irrigated cropland.
Is Ethiopia still in drought?
Ethiopia is in the grip of its worst drought in recent history. More than ten million people are in need of assistance according to the Government and humanitarian agencies. … Acute malnutrition has risen sharply, and one quarter of Ethiopia’s districts are now officially classified as facing a nutrition crisis.
Which country has a drought?
Afghanistan, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka have reported droughts at least once in every three year period in the past five decades, while Bangladesh and Nepal also suffer from drought frequently.
How many people died in Ethiopia drought?
Four hundred thousand refugees left the country, and 2.5 million people were internally displaced.
1983–1985 famine in Ethiopia.
|Total deaths||Est. 200,000–1,200,000|
|Consequences||Destruction of the infrastructure and economy.|
What are the causes and consequences of drought and desertification?
Drought and desertification are closely related phenomena. … Inappropriate land use, such as monocultures, and unsustainable land management practices, such as deforestation, unsuitable agricultural practices and overexploitation of water resources), can cause land degradation that can be further aggravated by drought.
What are the main causes of drought and flood?
Droughts occur when an abnormally long dry period uses up available water resources. Floods happen when watercourses or rain swallow up land that is usually uncovered. These natural disasters are often made worse by human action. … As it builds up on the surface, the water ends up causing widespread damage.
What are the 4 types of drought?
As a result, the climatological community has defined four types of drought: 1) meteorological drought, 2) hydrological drought, 3) agricultural drought, and 4) socioeconomic drought.