Customary marriage in Ghana is a kind of marriage between a man and a woman, and involves performance of certain local customs. … Two things common to the various customs are: a gathering of the extended families of the couple; and payment of a bride-price to the bride’s parents.
What is the meaning of customary marriage?
By definition, a customary marriage is a union that is negotiated, celebrated and concluded in terms of indigenous African customary law. … Often, the wedding celebrations don’t take place for a while after the lobola negotiations and payment has been settled (in part or full).
What are the requirements of customary marriage?
Requirements for a valid customary marriage
- The prospective spouses must both be above the age of 18 years;
- They must both consent to be married to each other under customary law; and.
- The marriage must be negotiated and entered into or celebrated in accordance with customary law.
Is Ghanaian customary marriage legal?
Well customary marriage is recognized. Customary marriage in Ghana is recognized by government under the Customary Marriage and Divorce (Registration) Law, 1985 (PNDCL 112). This law does not apply to Islamic or Ordinance marriages and thus the methods of registration of either are different.
What are the types of marriage in Ghana?
There are three types of legal forms of marriage in Ghana: the Customary, the Islamic and the Ordinance Marriage and each class has its own demands in order to legalize them.
Can customary marriage be out of community?
A customary marriage is deemed to be in community of property unless an antenuptial agreement is entered into before the marriage. According to the MPA, parties who wish to get married out of community of property must enter into an antenuptial contract prior to the civil marriage ceremony being concluded.
How do you nullify customary marriage?
Dissolution of marriage in terms of the Act
Section 8(1) provides that a customary marriage ‘may only be dissolved by a court by a decree of divorce on the ground of the irretrievable breakdown of the marriage’.
What is the difference between civil and customary marriage?
What is a Customary Marriage? … There exist certain requirements that must be complied with in order to conclude a valid customary marriage; while a civil marriage is seen as a marriage concluded between 2 parties, and must be monogamous in order to be valid, customary marriages differ as polygamy is permissible.
Where can I register my customary marriage?
Customary marriages must be registered within three months of taking place. This can be done at any office of the Department of Home Affairs or through a designated traditional leader in areas where there are no Home Affairs offices.
Can you get married while married to someone else?
Under California law, a person cannot marry another person while stilll married. It would be necessary to first obtain a dissolution of marriage.
Can a man marry two wives legally in Ghana?
Laws and Religion in Ghana
Currently (2015), Polygamy is illegal in Ghana, although laws against this lifestyle are not heavily enforced against those who choose to live it. Polygamous marriages are illegal under civil law. They are arguably considered to be legal under customary law.
What is the legal age for marriage in Ghana?
According to the Ghanaian constitution of 1992, any person under the age of 18 is a child and can therefore not marry or be married off. This is underscored by the 1998 Children’s Act, which sets the legal age of marriage at 18 for both boys and girls .
Can I register my customary marriage?
To register a customary marriage, a couple must go to an office of the Department of Home Affairs. At least one witness for each of the partners, or a representative from each of the families must also be present. … It does not include customary marriages entered into within other religions, for example Hindu or Muslim.
Can foreigners get married in Ghana?
It is mainly a certificate that is usually required from foreign citizens in order to give assurance that they are not legally married to anyone else in other countries. You should consult the nearest registrar office in order to ask them for further details about obtaining a traditional marriage certificate in Ghana.
How much does it cost to get married in Ghana?
Depending on which tribe one is marrying from, the customary marriage could differ in terms of the bride price. But on the average it will cost between 5000 to 6000 Ghana cedis ie about $1300.
What are the two main types of marriages?
In general there are two types: civil marriage and religious marriage, and typically marriages employ a combination of both (religious marriages must often be licensed and recognized by the state, and conversely civil marriages, while not sanctioned under religious law, are nevertheless respected).