The Local Courts of Zambia are the successors to the Native Courts which the British set up in Northern Rhodesia, as elsewhere in Colonial Africa, to administer justice to Africans. … A Grade B Local Court is presided over by a Presiding Local Court Magistrate and one other Local Court Magistrate.
What is the role of local court?
The Local Court hears minor civil matters involving amounts of money up to $100,000, and also the majority of criminal and summary prosecutions. The Court also conducts committal proceedings to determine whether or not indictable offences are to be committed to the District and Supreme Courts.
What is local court?
Local courts are where all criminal matters are first heard. From the most trivial breach right through to murder cases, they all start in Local Courts. In a matter where an accused is pleading not guilty to charges, there is a process where evidence is brought forward and the guilt of the accused is decided.
How many local courts are in Zambia?
The Zambian judicial system comprises approximately 460 courts, arrayed, basically, in a hierarchy with four primary levels. At the base, stand 415 local courts, presided over by 8 senior presiding justices, and 407 presiding justices, assisted by 428 ordinary justices.
What cases are heard in the local court?
Types of cases
- Civil cases.
- Criminal cases.
- Apprehended Violence Orders (AVOs)
- Family Law.
What is the role of each court?
Courts apply the law to specific controversies brought before them. They resolve disputes between people, companies and units of government. Often, courts are called on to uphold limitations on the government. They protect against abuses by all branches of government.
What are the two main categories of courts?
California has 2 types of state courts, trial courts (also called “superior courts”) and appellate courts, made up of the Courts of Appeal and the California Supreme Court.
What happens in the court?
A trial is a court case which takes place before a judge and jury at the County Court. The judge’s role is to make decisions about the law, including what evidence can be heard, and tell the jury about the law. It is up to the jury, not the judge, to decide if the accused is guilty or not.
What’s the difference between justice court and district court?
The District Court is the state trial court of general jurisdiction. … Justice Courts are established by counties and municipalities and have the authority to deal with class B and C misdemeanors, violations of ordinances, small claims, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction.
What are the 8 types of cases heard in federal courts?
Federal courts generally have exclusive jurisdiction in cases involving (1) the Constitution, (2) violations of federal laws, (3) controversies between states, (4) disputes between parties from different states, (5) suits by or against the federal government, (6) foreign governments and treaties, (7) admiralty and …
What are the two types of laws in Zambia?
Zambia has a plural legal system consisting of general law based on English law, customary law, and a variety of bodies of rules and practices generated by semi-autonomous social groups like the church. Customary law consists of the customary laws of each of Zambia’s 73 ethnic groups.
Which one is the highest court in Zambia?
The Supreme Court of Zambia is the final Court of appeal and has the final say in all legal matters, including the interpretation of the Constitution. It consists of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justice and 7 or more Supreme Court Judges. It is located in Independence Avenue, Lusaka Zambia.
Who presides over the local court in Zambia?
A Grade B Local Court is presided over by a Presiding Local Court Magistrate and one other Local Court Magistrate. As of December, 2018, there were a total number of 184 Grade A Local Courts and 345 Grade B Local Courts, total 529 Local Court distributed Countrywide in all the ten (10) Provinces of Zambia.
What types of cases are criminal cases?
Types of Court Cases
- Financial fraud.
- Bank robbery.
- Threatening the president or other federal officials or buildings.
- Committing a crime on federal property.
- Committing a crime using interstate commerce.
- Committing a crime that involves a conspiracy.
What are the types of court?
There are four types of courts in India, i.e., Supreme Court, High Court, District Court, and subordinate courts. The seat of the Supreme court is in New Delhi.
What does R mean in court?
The letter R commonly represents Regina, the latin term for the Queen. In criminal proceedings, “R” refers to the Crown or the Commonwealth.