What are common diseases under active surveillance in Ethiopia?

o Epidemic prone diseases (Cholera, Dysentery, Measles, Meningitis, Relapsing fever, Typhoid fever…) o Diseases targeted for eradication /elimination (AFP, Neonatal tetanus, Dracunculiasis, and leprosy) and o Diseases of public health importance (Pneumonia in less than 5, Diarrhea in less than 5, Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS …

What are the most common diseases in Ethiopia?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What are some of communicable diseases that create major health problems in Ethiopia at least 10?

Communicable diseases are the main cause of health problems in Ethiopia.

Rank Diagnosis Percentage of all inpatient deaths
1 Pneumonia 12.4
2 Other or unspecified effects of external causes 7.1
3 Tuberculosis 7.0
4 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease 5.1

What is Integrated Disease Surveillance Response?

The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) framework makes surveillance and laboratory data more usable, helping public health managers and decision-makers improve detection and response to the leading causes of illness, death, and disability in African countries.

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Which disease is eradicated from Ethiopia?

Each endemic country has its own national Guinea Worm Eradication Program. In Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Dracunculiasis Eradication Program (EDEP) which was established in 1993 has made remarkable move towards interruption of disease transmission and now the endgame is fast approaching.

What is the healthcare like in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia’s health care system includes primary health centres, clinics, and hospitals. Only major cities have hospitals with full-time physicians, and most of the hospitals are in Addis Ababa. Access to modern health care is very limited, and in many rural areas it is virtually nonexistent.

How many doctors are there in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia has just 1600 doctors serving a population of 83 million but needs a minimum of 8000, the government estimates.

What are the methods used to control communicable diseases?

The control of communicable diseases depends on a healthy environment (clean water, adequate sanitation, vector control, shelter), immunization, and health workers trained in early diagnosis and treatment. Thanks to effective environmental health measures, epidemics following disasters are no longer common.

How can a person’s immune system contribute to symptoms of disease?

White blood cells, antibodies, and other mechanisms go to work to rid your body of the foreign invader. Indeed, many of the symptoms that make a person suffer during an infection—fever, malaise, headache, rash—result from the activities of the immune system trying to eliminate the infection from the body.

What is a communicable disease?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.

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What are the 5 steps of surveillance?

Steps in carrying out surveillance

  • Reporting. Someone has to record the data. …
  • Data accumulation. Someone has to be responsible for collecting the data from all the reporters and putting it all together. …
  • Data analysis. Someone has to look at the data to calculate rates of disease, changes in disease rates, etc. …
  • Judgment and action.

What are the four types of surveillance systems?

Slide 7: Types of Surveillance

Passive surveillance, active surveillance, and also syndromic surveillance.

Who Integrated Disease Surveillance?

Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) is a strategy adopted by countries in the WHO African Region for implementing comprehensive public health surveillance and response systems for priority diseases, conditions and events at all levels of health systems.

Does Ethiopia have healthcare?

Ethiopia’s health service is structured into a three-tier system: primary, secondary and tertiary levels of care. The primary level of care includes primary hospitals, health centres and health posts.

Is malaria in Ethiopia?

Introduction. Almost 45 million of Ethiopia’s 68 million inhabitants are estimated to be at risk of malaria and the problem is compounded by increasing frequency and magnitude of malaria epidemics. The malaria problem is increasing due to increasing drug and insecticide resistance.

How many guinea worm cases are there in 2020?

Today, that number has been reduced by more than 99.99 percent. In 2020, 27* human cases of Guinea worm disease were reported worldwide.

Hai Afrika!