What are masquerades in Nigeria?

Mmanwu is a traditional masquerade of the Igbo people of Southeastern Nigeria. They are performed only by males in exclusive secret societies and involve the use of elaborate, colorful costumes that are meant to invoke ancestral spirits.

What are African masquerades?

Masquerades are multimedia events that often include not one but several masked dancers embodying various spirits. The Dogon dama has at least seventy masks that comprise a visual summary of the Dogon world, from the creation to the present. …

Do masquerades beat you?

They can go to the extent of flogging you. Be polite but firm, and let them know that you will not take any disrespect. If you feel like giving them money though, that’s also fine. If you run, they will chase you and flog you, and you will just end up being part of the whole show.

What is masquerade festival?

Masquerades (Mmanwu) are held in accordance with the community native calendars during festivals, annual festivities, burial rites and other social gatherings. The masquerades are geared in colourful robes and masks made of wood or fabric. Some masks appear only at one festival, but the majority appears at many or all.

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What functions do masquerades play in African communities?

They are a symbolic resurrection of the ancestors. To the Ifeku-Ibaji, Egwu (masquerade) symbolised both the ancestral shrine as well as represented the resurrected spirits of a dead elder, whose appearance and performance played a protective and regulatory role in the affairs of the living.

Do African masquerades kill?

At that moment in the performance and rituals, Nyau masked dancers are understood to be spirits of the dead. As spirits the masquerades may act with impunity and there have been attacks and deaths during performances in the past.

What are the four main types of masqueraders?

Four main types of masquerader are identified by the roles they play: those who embody deities or nature spirits and to whom sacrifice is made to assure the fertility of land and people, those who embody the ancestral spirits, those who placate the spirits through their dance, and those who perform principally as …

What are Igbo masquerades?

Mmanwu is a traditional masquerade of the Igbo people of Southeastern Nigeria. They are performed only by males in exclusive secret societies and involve the use of elaborate, colorful costumes that are meant to invoke ancestral spirits.

What does Omelora mean in Igbo?

9. Oladipupo: Youruba name meaning, “my wealth is multiplied or my riches have abundantly increased” Omelora: “The one who does for the community.” Title name of Kambili’s Papa.

How are males treated in the Igbo culture?

The Igbos is traditionally patriarchal. The male child is brought to see himself as superior to the females,[18] and he is made to understand this very early in life. Thus, the male child is seen are as being very important by both men and women in the traditional Igbo society.

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What are the festivals in Nigeria?

10 Colourful Cultural Festivals In Nigeria

  • Eyo Festival. Witness one of the most unique and fabulous celebrations in Nigeria. …
  • Calabar Carnival. No festival can ever beat this Calabar Festival when it comes to amazing performances. …
  • Lagos Carnival. Photo Source: Kolade Akintola on Flickr. …
  • Osun Festival. …
  • Sango Festival. …
  • Ojude Oba Festival. …
  • Carniriv. …
  • Ofala Festival.


Which tribe celebrates Eyo?

The Eyo Festival, otherwise known as the Adamu Orisha Play, is a Yoruba festival unique to Lagos, Nigeria. In modern times, it is presented by the people of Lagos as a tourist event and due to its history, is traditionally performed on Lagos Island.

What does Ijele mean in Igbo?

A submission from Nigeria says the name Ijele means “Ijele in Igbo land refers to one of the greatest masquerades, well-known for its dignity and grace. It is highly respected and adored. Conotatively, we use Ijele to refer to a person of honour and dignity”.

What were the masks used for in Igbo culture?

The masks, of wood and or fabric, are used in a many rituals or celebrations. Namely: social satires, sacred rituals (for ancestors and invocation of the gods), initiation, second burials, and public festivals, which now include Christmas and Independence Day.

What do the differences in African masks show?

2. African masks often represent a spirit and it is strongly believed that the spirit of the ancestors possesses the wearer. Ritual ceremonies generally depict deities, spirits of ancestors, mythological beings, good and or evil, the dead, animal spirits, and other beings believed to have power over humanity.

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What’s the purpose of a masquerade?

Masquerades include lots of music and dancing. They are used for entertainment purposes as well as in celebrating rituals, such as the rites of passage and speaking to the dead as in the African tradition and cultural heritage.

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