What are the causes of conflict between farmers and herders in Nigeria PDF?

The causes of such conflict were destruction of crops, contamination of streams by cattle, zero grazing of land, disregard for local traditional authorities, female harassment, harassment of nomads by host communities youths, indiscriminate bush burning, defecation of cattle on roads, cattle theft, and straying of …

What are the causes of conflict between farmers and herders in Nigeria?

The main reason of the conflict is basically the scarcity of resources; however, the scarcity did not appear suddenly in the region and it is also a result of several other factors which will be examined below such as inefficient state mechanisms, the oil boom in Nigeria, late effects of colonialism, climate change, …

What were the reason of conflict between animal herders and farmers of Mari?

Some communities in the kingdom of Mari had both farmers and pastoralists. Most of its territory was used for pasturing sheep and goats. Exchange of materials was the norm between herders and farmers. But access or denial of access to water resources often led to conflict between herders and farmers.

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Who are the Fulani herdsmen in Nigeria?

The Fulani are an ethnic group, thought to be the largest in the Sahel with a population of 20 to 30 million. Traditionally the Fulani are semi-nomadic cattle herders, and communities would travel vast distances along grazing routes to find places for their herds to eat.

What are the activities of Fulani herdsmen in Nigeria?

Fulani herdsmen engage in both random and planned transhumance movements. Random movements are usually taken by the pure nomadic Fulani herdsmen, while planned movements are taken by the semi-nomadic pastoralist.

What is the difference between farmers and herders?

Herders refer to such people whose main occupation is the rearing of animals through a nomadic lifestyle. … Farmers are such people whose main occupation is the growing of crops and the rearing of animals but who remain in a fixed location all the time. Thus, both herders and farmers rear animals.

What is the conflict?

Conflict is defined as a clash between individuals arising out of a difference in thought process, attitudes, understanding, interests, requirements and even sometimes perceptions. … A Conflict not only can arise between individuals but also among countries, political parties and states as well.

Why were mobile animal herders necessarily a threat to town life?

A: Mobile animal herders were not necessarily a threat to town life, because with the people living in towns, they needed to exchange young animals, cheese, leather and meat in return for grain and metal tools. However, they had conflicts with the people living in agricultural villages.

What religion are the Fulani herdsmen?

While a primary driver for the conflict is the battle over scarce resources, the conflict also has ethnic and religious features as the Fulani, a semi-nomadic, pastoralist, herder ethnic group tend to be Muslims, while the farmers in the Middle Belt region are ethnic Berom, an indigenous people who are predominantly …

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Why are the Fulani herdsmen attacking?

Most recently, 73 persons killed by suspected Fulani herdsmen in Guma and Logo local government areas of Benue State, were buried in a mass grave in Makurdi, the state capital8. The Fulani terrorism is blamed mostly upon land scarcity, although some also use religious extremism as a cause.

What are the Fulani herdsmen fighting for?

The fighting rekindles a long-smouldering conflict between communities. Cattle herders, mostly from the Fulani tribe in the country’s northern region, have been accused of masterminding the kidnappings and rape in the south-west, dominated by the Yoruba.

Are Fulanis from Nigeria?

Fulani, also called Peul or Fulbe, a primarily Muslim people scattered throughout many parts of West Africa, from Lake Chad, in the east, to the Atlantic coast. They are concentrated principally in Nigeria, Mali, Guinea, Cameroon, Senegal, and Niger.

How many cows are killed daily in Lagos?

Kuku stressed that despite the high number of cattle consumed daily in the country, production is not matching up with the demand, a situation that has created a vacuum, noting that in Lagos alone, over 8,000 cattle are slaughtered daily to cater to needs of over 22 million people residing in the state.

Where did Fulani migrate from?

Although some historians postulated an origin of the Fulani in ancient Egypt or the Upper Nile valley [3], written records suggest that the Fulani spread from West Africa (currently Senegal, Guinea, Mauritania) around 1000 years ago, reaching the Lake Chad Basin 500 years later [4, 5].

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