The oil companies blame most of the leaks on sabotage from local residents and criminal gangs stealing the crude. But under Nigerian laws, the firms are obliged to clean up all spills whatever their cause. Villagers argue some spills are due to operational factors.
What is the main cause of oil spills?
Oil spills that happen in rivers, bays and the ocean most often are caused by accidents involving tankers, barges, pipelines, refineries, drilling rigs and storage facilities, but also occur from recreational boats and in marinas. Spills can be caused by: people making mistakes or being careless.
In which parts of Nigeria does oil spillage occur?
The Niger Delta is Africa’s most important oil-producing region, and one of the most polluted places on earth. For decades oil spills have been damaging the environment and devastating lives in this part of Nigeria.
How do oil spills affect Nigeria?
Till today, more than 3 years since the oil spills occurred in the area and spreads to the entire coastlines from Onna, through Ikot Abasi to Mbo L.G.A, affecting the riverine fishing settlements and crops, destroying the ecosystem, and marine lives, thus affecting the economic livelihood of the farmers and fishermen, …
What is the cause and effect of oil spill?
Oil spills often happen because of accidents, when people make mistakes or equipment breaks down. Other causes include natural disasters or deliberate acts. Oil spills have major environmental and economic effects. Oil spills can also affect human health.
How many oil spills happened in 2020?
There were a total of three oil tanker spills worldwide in 2020. All three incidents had a release volume of less than 700 metric tons. In the last two decades the amount of oil leaked by tanker spills generally declined, although 2018 has stood out as an unusually perilous year for oil shipping.
Why is oil spills a problem?
But when oil accidentally spills into the ocean, it can cause big problems. Oil spills can harm sea creatures, ruin a day at the beach, and make seafood unsafe to eat. It takes sound science to clean up the oil, measure the impacts of pollution, and help the ocean recover.
How much oil is spilled in Nigeria?
The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation places the quantity of petroleum jettisoned into the environment yearly at 2,300 cubic metres (19,000 US bbl) with an average of 300 individual spills annually.
Where is Niger Delta in Nigeria?
The Niger Delta is the delta of the Niger River sitting directly on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria.
What is the government doing about oil spills?
The Federal Government has the responsibility to respond to oil spills pursuant to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act), the Oil Pollution Act, and the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP).
How can we prevent oil spills?
Small Spills Prevention Checklist
- Tighten bolts on your engine to prevent oil leaks. …
- Replace cracked or worn hydraulic lines and fittings before they fail. …
- Outfit your engine with an oil tray or drip pan. …
- Create your own bilge sock out of oil absorbent pads to prevent oily water discharge.
What are the environmental problems in Nigeria?
Urbanization, deforestation, desertification, over population and all kinds of pollution are some of the resultant effects of man’s interaction with his environment. These changes occur as the people attempt to acquire their seemingly endless desire for food, shelter, recreation and infrastructural facilities.
How do oil spills harm the environment?
When oils rigs or machinery malfunction or break, thousands of tons of oil can seep into the environment. Oil spill effects on environments and habitats can be catastrophic: they can kill plants and animals, disturb salinity/pH levels, pollute air/water and more.
What are the dangers of an oil spill?
Spilled oil can harm the environment in several ways, including the physical damages that directly impact wildlife and their habitats (such as coating birds or mammals with a layer of oil), and the toxicity of the oil itself, which can poison exposed organisms.
Is oil spill a man made disaster?
Oil spills are some of the most familiar man-made disasters, devastating to people, the environment, animals and global socioeconomics. 2010 saw the worst and largest oil spill: the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico. … Besides the Deepwater spill, there have been 44 other oil spills globally since 1969.
What are the negative effects of oil spills?
And the consequences could be devastating for the environment and local communities.
- Drilling disrupts wildlife habitat. …
- Oil spills can be deadly to animals. …
- Air and water pollution hurt local communities. …
- Dangerous emissions contribute to climate change. …
- Oil and gas development ruins pristine landscapes.