Thus, Nigeria became heavily dependent on importation of food  . The rural areas have become even more vulnerable to malnutrition, erratic supply of food items, unaffordable food costs, low quality foods and sometimes complete lack of food.
What are the challenges in food security?
The main threats to food security are (1) world population growth, (2) the increase demand for food, (3) food price, (4) the disappearance of the variety of agricultural plant species (4) the increase in the area of scarcity water and the limitation of the availability of land and (5) the food losses and food waste.
What are the problems of food security in Nigeria?
Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor quality foods, high food costs, and even total lack of food.
What are the causes of food insecurity in Nigeria?
In Nigeria, there is high level of food insecurity for the past four decades as a result of neglect in food production when oil has become the major export product and the because of the adoption of neo-liberal economic policies such as devaluation of naira, trade liberalization and withdrawal of government from …
How can we improve food security in Nigeria?
Promoting productivity among small-scale farmers is therefore essential for national growth and food security in Nigeria. Peasant farmers should also be encouraged to engage in Integrated Farming Systems (IFS).
Who is affected by food insecurity in Nigeria?
About 9 out of 10 Nigerians cannot afford a healthy diet. Nigeria has the second-highest burden of stunted children across the globe, and millions of children suffer from acute malnutrition. The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the hunger situation, particularly impacting food supply and prices.
How we can improve food security?
The following are the measures to be taken for achieving food security for growing population through higher food production.
- Education and literacy. …
- Crop diversification. …
- Tackling climate change. …
- Integrated water management. …
- Integrated nutrient management. …
- Improved varieties. …
- Improved technology adoption.
Is Nigeria food insecure?
Nigeria is facing a level of food insecurity not seen since 2016-2017, mainly due to the coronavirus pandemic, rising conflict, and floods, a UN agency said on Thursday. … The pandemic’s impact “disrupted households’ income-generating activities and livelihoods, generally reducing their purchasing power,” it said.
What is Nigeria Food Security?
Nigeria still has the potentials to be food-secure if the following strategies are adopted and implemented: rural development, provision of easy access to basic farm inputs, adequate budgetary allocations to agriculture particularly to the food crop sub-sector, enunciation of appropriate policies for food crop sub- …
What does food security mean?
According to the World Food Summit organised in Rome in 1996, food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active life.