What are the common diseases in Zambia?

What are the diseases in Zambia?

Tropical diseases present in Zambia include malaria, schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), and parasitic infections such as leprosy. Leprosy has been contained, and leprosariums have given way to outpatient treatment. Schistosomiasis, a debilitating disease spread by waterborne snails, is widely found in riverine areas.

What are the causes of illness in Zambia?

Table 1

Cause or risk factor No. of U5 deaths in 2000 (% of all U5 deaths in 2000) No. of U5 deaths in 2013 (% of all U5 deaths in 2013)
Malaria 14,234 (21.0) 8,621 (17.7)
Diarrheal diseases 9,860 (14.6) 4,963 (10.2)
Neonatal disorders 9,369 (13.9) 9,838 (20.2)
Lower respiratory-tract infections 9,188 (13.6) 7,127 (14.6)

What are the major problems in Zambia?

Health: HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis are Zambia’s biggest health development challenges. Malaria is endemic in all of Zambia’s 10 provinces and in both urban and rural areas, and predominantly attacks the most vulnerable populations, accounting for 40% of under 5 deaths and an estimated 20% maternal deaths.

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Is there malaria in Zambia?

Malaria is a risk in Zambia. Fill your malaria prescription before you leave and take enough with you for the entire length of your trip.

What injections do I need for Zambia?

The National Travel Health Network and Centre and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Zambia: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, rabies and tetanus. Recommended for most travellers to the region, especially if unvaccinated.

How common is malaria in Zambia?

There was a 23% reduction in cases between 2015 and 2018 from 2013 to 157 per 1000 of the population at risk while mortality rates fell by 7% from 0.47 to 0.43 per 1000 of the population at risk. Severe malaria cases also decreased by 58% from 15.8 cases per 1,000 population in 2010 to 6.6 cases per 1,000 in 2015.

Is healthcare free in Zambia?

Government-run health facilities, which provide the majority of the health care in Zambia, offer a basic health care package free-of-charge or on a cost-sharing basis.

What are the major environmental issues in Zambia?

Zambia has tremendous natural resource wealth but faces increasing threats to its environment, including deforestation and wildlife trafficking, and the effects of climate shocks.

What is public health in Zambia?

According to Wikipedia, public health is defined as the science of preventing disease and improving the quality of life of individuals, organizations, and society through organized efforts.

Why is Zambia so poor?

Poverty in Zambia is the result of decades of economic decline and neglected infrastructure. … Distribution of wealth is unequal with few rich and middle-income people, and the maximum proportion of the people in Zambia is poor. Poverty in Zambia has drastically affected the health of Zambians, especially children.

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What are the major public health problems in Zambia?

  • HIV/AIDS.
  • Neonatal disorders.
  • Lower respiratory infections.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Diarrheal diseases.
  • lschemic heart disease.
  • Malaria.
  • Stroke.

Is Zambia a poor country?

However, despite its economic growth, Zambia is still one of the poorest countries in the world with 60 percent of the population living below the poverty line and 40 percent of those people living in extreme poverty.

How can we prevent malaria in Zambia?

The key malaria prevention, control and management strategies that Zambia took to mitigate the disease are: (1) vector control using indoor residual spraying (IRS) and promotion of ownership and use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs); (2) malaria case management using effective diagnostics and lifesaving drugs- …

What is the common type of malaria in Zambia?

While there are four types of parasites that can cause malaria in humans, Plasmodium falciparum is by far the most deadly and common, particularly in Zambia and throughout sub-Saharan Africa.

Is it safe to travel to Zambia?

How bad is crime in Zambia? Zambia is one of the safer countries in Africa, however, you should use your common sense when it comes to staying safe. … The Zambian Road and Transport Agency reported that 55% of all road fatalities happen after dark. Avoid walking alone at night.

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