Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. After World War I, it was divided between France and the United Kingdom as League of Nations mandates.
What countries colonized Cameroon?
Cameroon was colonized in 1884 by the Germans who ruled Cameroon till 1916. When they were defeated during the 1st World war, Cameroon placed as a mandated territory of the League of Nations and given to France and Britain to rule it.
Who Conquered Cameroon?
In World War I, the British invaded Cameroon from Nigeria in 1914 in the Kamerun campaign, with the last German fort in the country surrendering in February 1916. After the war, this colony was partitioned between the United Kingdom and France under June 28, 1919 League of Nations mandates (Class B).
Did France Colonise Cameroon?
The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the “Scramble for Africa” at the end of the 19th century. During World War I, it was occupied by French and Belgian troops. In 1922 it was mandated to Great Britain and France by the League of Nations.
Who was the first European to come to Cameroon?
1472: Portuguese explorers led by Fernando Pô were the first Europeans to arrive the coast of Cameroon. They reached Douala through the Wouri River.
What race is Cameroon?
Cameroon has more than 240 tribes which are found in three main ethnic groups; Bantus, Semi-Bantus and Sudanese. The number of national languages spoken in the country is more than 240. The most notable tribes are: BANTUS: Beti, Bassa, Bakundu, Maka, Douala, Pygmies……
What was the original name of Cameroon?
Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English.
Who was the first German teacher in Cameroon?
1: EDUCATION : The first German teacher in Cameroon was Theodore Christaller.
Is Cameroon part of Nigeria before?
A United Nations referendum was held in British Cameroons on 11 February 1961 to determine whether the territory should join neighbouring Cameroon or Nigeria. Northern Cameroon officially became part of Nigeria on 1 June, whilst Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon on 1 October. …
Who hoisted the German flag in Cameroon?
On 14 July 1884, Nachtigal hoisted the German flag in Cameroon, a terri- tory with a surface of 191,130 square miles. 19 This ceremony signalled the of- ficial inception of Germany’s colonial venture in the Cameroon, which was to last 30 years.
Why was Cameroon involved in the Second World War?
The war was a means of employment: The Cameroonians who served in the war are soldiers, carriers, and so were paid for their services. The need for raw materials: This was a factor that encouraged Britain to involve Cameroonians in the war so that they could supply raw materials.
Who drew the first map of Cameroon?
This proves again the quality and the utility of maps drawn by German talented cartographer Max Moisel. Cameroon lasts almost 30 years, from 1884 till late 1911.
Why did the British fail to annex Cameroon?
1) Britain was reluctant to annex Cameroon because there were conflicting views between the British foreign office and the British colonial office. The foreign office favoured annexation while the colonial office was against it. 2) Also, Britain had the feeling that she already had enough territories in West Africa.
How did Germany rule Cameroon?
German traders first arrived 1862 and in 1884 the German Empire signed an agreement with Kings Bell and Akwa under which Kamerun – German for Cameroon – became a German protectorate. Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916.
When did British Cameroon gain independence?
When did French Cameroon gain independence?