Although Ethiopia’s complex relief defies easy classification, five topographic features are discernible. These are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The Western Highlands are the most extensive and rugged topographic component of Ethiopia.
What kind of landscape does Ethiopia have?
The Ethiopian landscape is largely formed from a high volcanic plateau. It is surrounded on three sides by low-lying desert. The average height of the plateau (the Ethiopian highlands) is over 2000 meters. Moreover, there are more than 20 mountains over 4000 meters.
What looks like the shape of Ethiopia?
Ethiopia has earned the nickname “horn of Africa” as a result of its shape of a rhinoceros shaped boundary on the eastern tip.
What is the terrain and climate of Ethiopia?
The climate of Ethiopia and its dependent territories varies greatly. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. The country lies wholly within the tropics, but its nearness to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of the land.
What type of landforms are found in Ethiopian highlands?
The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia in northeast Africa. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft).
Is Ethiopia hot or cold?
Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.
What are the three main physiographic structure of Ethiopia?
three major physiographic units can be identified in Ethiopia. These are: The Western highlands and lowlands.
- The Western Highlands and Lowlands. …
- The South-Eastern Highlands and Lowlands. …
- The Rift Valley.
What is Ethiopia famous for?
Ethiopia is known as the Cradle of Mankind, with some of the earliest ancestors found buried in the soil. Lucy (3.5 million years old), the most famous fossils found, were unearthed in Hadar. Ethiopia remains one of the only nations in Africa never to be colonized.
Is the Ark of Covenant in Ethiopia?
The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church claims to possess the Ark of the Covenant, or Tabot, in Axum. The object is currently kept under guard in a treasury near the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion.
What is so special about Ethiopia?
It has the largest population of any landlocked country in the world. With mountains over 4,500 meters high, Ethiopia is the roof of Africa. The source of the Nile with its gigantic waterfalls is also located here. … Ethiopia also has a special status from a religious perspective.
What is the coldest month in Ethiopia?
The coldest month in Addis Ababa is August, with an average high-temperature of 19.2°C (66.6°F) and an average low-temperature of 10.8°C (51.4°F).
What are the Four Seasons in Ethiopia?
- Kiremt or Meher (summer) – June, July and August are the summer season. …
- Tseday (spring) – September, October and November are the spring season sometime known as the harvest season.
- Bega (winter) – December, January and February are the dry season with frost in morning specially in January.
Does it get cold in Ethiopia?
Nights are cool, even cold from November to February, when lows drop below 10 °C (50 °F), while days are pleasantly warm, around 23/25 °C (73/77 °F), except in July and August, at the height of the rainy season, when highs drop to about 20 °C (68 °F). … Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Why is Ethiopian highlands dangerous?
But extreme altitudes pose special challenges. The weather can be brutal, and extreme altitudes don’t support lush forests or grasslands, as lower elevations do. Low levels of oxygen can be dangerous, sometimes even fatal, to humans at high elevations.
What are the names of the two landforms found in Ethiopia?
Ethiopia is a land steeped in history and measured by extremes, from the cradle of civilization in the Rift Valley to the UNESCO World Heritage Simien Mountains, and the plateaus, lowlands, waterways, and steppes in between.
What are the major highland areas of Ethiopia?
Of the nine regions, Africa RISING has been operating in the highlands of four (Amhara, Tigray, Oromia and Southern National Nationalities People (SNNP) regions). The total population in Ethiopia is estimated to be more than 94 million, of which the four big regions constitute over 80%.