The lowest courts in the country are all state courts (there is no federal court in this group). They include (i) the Magistrate Courts that handle English law cases (ii) the Customary Courts that handle Customary law cases and (iii) the Sharia Courts that handle Sharia law cases.
What is the order of courts from highest to lowest?
The federal court system has three main levels: district courts (the trial court), circuit courts which are the first level of appeal, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system.
What is the lowest civil court?
On the civil side the court of Civil Judge is at the lowest level. The court of the Judicial Magistrate is at the lowest level in the Criminal front. The civil cases of small financial hazard are decided by the Junior Division Civil Judge.
How many types of courts are there in Nigeria?
There are eight types of courts in Nigeria and each of them performs specific functions.
Which court is highest?
The Supreme Court is the highest and final superior court of record and is empowered to exercise its powers, subject to the provisions of the Constitution. The court rulings take precedence over all lower Courts.
What is the hierarchy of courts in Australia?
The Commonwealth has three levels of general federal courts: High Court. Federal Court. Federal Circuit Court.
What is the hierarchy of courts in UK?
The Court of Appeal, the High Court, the Crown Court, the County Court, and the magistrates’ courts are administered by Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service, an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice.
What are the three most common types of civil cases?
Types of civil cases include:
- Personal Injury Tort Claims. One of the most common cases in civil litigation is personal injury claims. …
- Contract Disputes. …
- Equitable Claims. …
- Class Action Suits. …
- Divorce and Family Law Disputes. …
- Property Disputes.
What are example of civil cases?
Examples are murder, assault, theft,and drunken driving. Civil law deals with behavior that constitutes an injury to an individual or other private party, such as a corporation. Examples are defamation (including libel and slander), breach of contract, negligence resulting in injury or death, and property damage.
How do I start civil proceedings?
To commence an action, a claimant must file the following documents with the court:
- A Claim Form or the designated form for the particular type of action.
- A Statement of Claim. …
- A Schedule of Special Damage if applicable (this document sets out all your losses, i.e wages etc). …
- The Court fee.
What are the 5 Sources of Nigeria law?
Below are the 5 major sources of Nigerian law:
Enactments made by the legislature. Customary/Islamic law. Nigerian case law. International law.
Which is the highest court in Nigeria?
The Supreme Court of Nigeria (SCN), is the highest court in Nigeria, and is located in the Central District, Abuja, in what is known as the Three Arms Zone, so called due to the proximity of the offices of the Presidential Complex, the National Assembly, and the Supreme Court.
What are the 5 sources of law?
The primary sources of law in the United States are the United States Constitution, state constitutions, federal and state statutes, common law, case law, and administrative law.
Who is higher than Supreme Court?
There are 13 appellate courts that sit below the U.S. Supreme Court, and they are called the U.S. Courts of Appeals. The 94 federal judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a court of appeals.
Which is the 25th High Court in India?
|22||Sikkim High Court||16 May 1975|
|23||Telangana High Court||1 January 2019|
|24||Tripura High Court||26 March 2013|
|25||Uttarakhand High Court||9 November 2000|
Who is the first judge of Supreme Court?
Supreme Court of India (1950–present)
|No.||Name (birth–death)||Period of office|
|1||Harilal Jekisundas Kania (1890–1951)||26 January 1950|
|2||Mandakolathur Patanjali Sastri (1889–1963)||7 November 1951|
|3||Mehr Chand Mahajan (1889–1967)||4 January 1954|
|4||Bijan Kumar Mukherjea (1891–1956)||23 December 1954|