What is the place of Ile Ife in Yoruba history?

Ile Ife is the city where the Yoruba believe their civilization began as well as the location where the gods descended to earth. The name, Ile Ife, literally means place of dispersion. According to Yoruba tradition, Ife was founded by the deities Oduduwa and Obatala when they created the world.

Where is Ile Ife originated from?

Ife (Yoruba: Ifè, also Ilé-Ifẹ̀) is an ancient Yoruba city in south-western Nigeria. The city is located in present-day Osun State. Ife is about 218 kilometers northeast of Lagos with a population of 509,813.

Traditional setting.

House of Oodua
Founded c.11th century
Founder Oduduwa
Current head Ojaja II

What are the significance of Ife culture in Nigeria history?

It is a very popular tradition of origin that the Yoruba nation originated from Ife through the legendary figure of Oduduwa. Ife remains very significant in history because it came to be the centre of dispersal for rulers who later founded or led the establishment of other neighbouring Yoruba Kingdoms.

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What state is Ile Ife?

Ile-Ife, also called Ife or Ife-Lodun, town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. The town lies at the intersection of roads from Ibadan (40 miles [64 km] west), Ilesha, and Ondo. It is one of the larger centres and probably the oldest town of the Yoruba people.

Where is ife on Nigeria map?

This place is situated in IfeCentral, Osun, Nigeria, its geographical coordinates are 7° 28′ 0″ North, 4° 34′ 0″ East and its original name (with diacritics) is Ife.

How old is the Yoruba?

The Yoruba-speaking peoples share a rich and complex heritage that is at least one thousand years old. Today 18 million Yoruba live primarily in the modern nations of southwestern Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.

How old is IFE?

Ile Ife, also known as Ife, is an ancient Yoruba city in the southwestern part of Nigeria. Ile Ife is said to be dated back around 500 B.C. when it was founded and is the oldest Yoruba city.

Why is the Ife culture so important?

According to the Yoruba worldview, Ife is the place of origin of all humankind and is therefore of particular religious and political importance. … Obatala has become associated primarily with the creation of the first humans with clay, while Odudua’s legacy as the first divine king of the Yoruba is political.

What does IFA mean in Yoruba?

The word Ifa refers to the mystical figure Ifa or Orunmila, regarded by the Yoruba as the deity of wisdom and intellectual development.

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Who is the first Yoruba?

According to Yoruba religion, Oduduwa became the ancestor of the first divine king of the Yoruba. By the 8th century, Ile-Ife was already a powerful Yoruba kingdom, one of the earliest in Africa south of the Sahara-Sahel. Almost every Yoruba settlement traces its origin to princes of Ile-Ife.

Who is the most powerful king in Yoruba land?

The Ooni of Ife is the most powerful king in Yoruba land. The current Ooni of Ife is Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi. According to the Alake of Egbaland, the Ooni is the first of the five principal Obas in Yorubaland just like the Sultan of Sokoto is the highest ruler in the northern part of Nigeria.

What are kings in Ife called?

Traditionally, kingmakers from within the family choose the Ooni of Ife from descendents of the Yoruba god Oduduwa in consultation with their oracle, known as Ifa.

How many deities are in Ile-Ife?

Ile-Ife is renowned as the city of 401 deities. It is said that every day of the year the traditional worshippers celebrate a festival of one of these deities.

Who is the first king in Ile-Ife?

Ile-Ife is the cradle of civilisation for millions of people all over the world. That title is not a joking matter.” As descendants of Oduduwa, the first king of Ile-Ife who is believed to have been a demi-God who descended from heaven to create the earth, the Oonis are considered sacred.

When was Ife discovered?

The Bronze Head from Ife, or Ife Head, is one of eighteen copper alloy sculptures that were unearthed in 1938 at Ife in Nigeria, the religious and former royal centre of the Yoruba people.

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What is the meaning of OONI?

Ooni is the title of the occupier of the Oba of Ile-Ife town; mother town of the Yoruba people. The Ooni is taken as the direct descendant of Oduduwa, who was the first suzerain of the people.

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