Rif War, also called War of Melilla, Rif also spelled Riff, (1921–26), conflict between Spanish colonial forces and Rif peoples led by Muhammad Abd el-Krim. It was fought primarily in the Rif, a mountainous region of northern Morocco.
When did Spain fight in Morocco?
|Date 1921–1926 Location Rif region, Spanish protectorate in Morocco Result Spanish-French victory Dissolution of the Republic of the Rif|
|Spain France (1925–1926)||Republic of the Rif|
|Commanders and leaders|
Did Spain invade Morocco?
The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate.
Spanish protectorate in Morocco.
|Spanish Protectorate in Morocco Protectorado español en Marruecos الحماية الإسبانية على المغرب|
When did Morocco gain independence from Spain?
Morocco officially gained independence on 2 March 1956 after the signing of a joint declaration in Paris to replace the Treaty of Fez that had established the protectorate in 1912.
How long did Spain colonize Morocco?
After 44 years of colonization Morocco was finally an independent country again (History of Morocco to the Present Day, Moroccansands.com). Although Morocco gained its independence in 1956, Spain still colonizes two parts of Morocco to this day.
Who colonized Morocco first?
The recorded history of Morocco begins with the Phoenician colonization of the Moroccan coast between the 8th and 6th centuries BCE, although the area was inhabited by indigenous Berbers for some two thousand years before that.
Does Spain own part of Morocco?
Melilla was retained by Spain as an exclave when Morocco attained independence in 1956. In 1995 the Spanish government approved statutes of autonomy for Melilla, replacing the city council with an assembly similar to those of Spain’s other autonomous communities.
What country owns Morocco?
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez. 1956 – End of French protectorate after unrest and strong nationalist sentiment. Spain keeps its two coastal enclaves. Sultan Mohammed becomes king in 1957.
Is Morocco in Spain or Africa?
Morocco is a Northern African country, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. A large part of Morocco is mountainous.
Is Morocco Spanish or French?
Morocco is a member of the Francophonie. Spanish is spoken by many Moroccans, particularly in the northern regions around Tetouan and Tangier, as well as in parts of the south, due to historic ties and business interactions with Spain.
|Languages of Morocco|
|Foreign||French (33%) Spanish (21%) English (14%)|
What was Morocco like before colonization?
Before the advent of colonization and the imposition of the protectorate on Morocco, the country was fully sovereign, independent, and united. And the Sahara was under Moroccan sovereignty. During that era there was no entity whatsoever in the Sahara that was separate from Morocco.
What was Morocco called before?
Morocco was known as the Kingdom of Marrakesh under the three dynasties that made Marrakesh their capital. Then, it was known as the Kingdom of Fes, after the dynasties which had Fez as their capital.
Did the Vikings invade Morocco?
Based on the historical records from the Fragmentary Annals of Ireland, the Vikings have raided a part in the north of Morocco during the 860’s, where they battled the Berber Kingdom of the Moors.
When did Islam come to Morocco?
Islam reached Morocco in 680 CE, taken to the country by the Arab Umayyad dynasty of Damascus. The first Islamic dynasty to rule Morocco were the Idrissids, who were of the Zaydi Shia school. Article 6 of the Moroccan constitution states that Islam is official religion of the state.
How did Morocco get colonized?
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate. The sultan has a largely figurehead role. 1921-6 – Tribal rebellion in Rif mountains is suppressed by French and Spanish troops.