The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.
What was Kenya’s original name?
Kenya was initially known as the British East Africa Protectorate, or British East Africa and it was not until 1920 that it was officially named Kenya.
What was Kenya like before colonization?
Prior to the arrival of Arab settlers, the area in East Africa known today as Kenya was predominately populated by farmers and herders, many of who had migrated from nearby regions.
Who were the early inhabitants of Kenya?
The earliest inhabitants of Kenya were hunter-gatherers but from about 2,000 BC herders came to the region. Then from about 800 AD Arabs sailed to Kenya. Some settled and intermarried and they created the Swahili culture along the coast. The first European to reach Kenya was Vasco da Gama in 1498.
Was Kenya a British colony?
Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920.
Who is the richest person in Kenya?
|Rank in Kenya||Name||Sources of wealth|
|1||Uhuru Kenyatta and family||Diversified: (Brookside, NCBA, Land holdings among other businesses)|
|2||Chris Kirubi||Diversified: (Real estate holdings, Capital FM, Centum among other businesses)|
|3||Naushad Merali||Diversified: (Sameer Group, Airtel Kenya)|
What does Kenya mean in African?
From the name of the African country. The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kĩrĩnyaga meaning “the one having stripes”. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the 1960s.
Who ruled Kenya before British?
|Colony and Protectorate of Kenya|
|• 1936||Edward VIII|
|• 1936–1952||George VI|
|• 1952–1963||Elizabeth II|
|Commissioner or Governor|
Who was Kenya colonized by?
The British East African Company was granted a charter in 1888, which led to the colonization of present day Kenya.
Who rules Kenya now?
President of Kenya
|President of The Republic of Kenya Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kenya (Swahili)|
|Incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta since 9 April 2013|
|Style||His Excellency (Formal/International Correspondence)|
|Residence||State House, Nairobi (Official Residence)|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
Is Kenya a 2nd world country?
Kenya is among the third world countries, but it has a high potential for becoming a second or first world country soon. A walk around the capital city of Kenya shows that the country is developing at a substantial rate. … Like other countries in Africa, Kenya still features a huge gap between the wealthy and the poor.
Is Kenya a poor country?
Kenya is a lower-middle income economy. Although Kenya’s economy is the largest and most developed in eastern and central Africa, 36.1% (2015/2016) of its population lives below the international poverty line. This severe poverty is mainly caused by economic inequality, government corruption and health problems.
Why is Kenya pronounced Keenya?
In the days when the Territory was called British East Africa the word was pronounced with the first syllable rhyming with pen—Kenya. The mountain which gives the Territory its name was discovered by Ludwig Krapf in 1849. … About that time, too, the pronunciation of Kenya changed to Kenya (Keenya).
Why did the British want Kenya?
The British colonized Kenya for economic considerations and for increased power. The British saw Kenya as a potential source of wealth. … The British also saw colonizing Kenya as a way to get more power. They felt it would give them more prestige in their competition with other European powers.
Why did Britain leave Kenya?
Independence and reparations
The Mau Mau uprising convinced the British of the need for reform in Kenya and the wheels were set in motion for the transition to independence. On 12 December 1963 Kenya became an independent nation under the Kenya Independence Act.
What does the name Kenya mean in Hebrew?
The name Kenya is primarily a female name of Hebrew origin that means Animal Horn.