By | June 2nd 2010. Kenya was initially known as the British East Africa Protectorate, or British East Africa and it was not until 1920 that it was officially named Kenya.
What was Kenya called before colonization?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.
What was Kenya like before colonization?
Prior to the arrival of Arab settlers, the area in East Africa known today as Kenya was predominately populated by farmers and herders, many of who had migrated from nearby regions.
Who were the early inhabitants of Kenya?
The earliest inhabitants of Kenya were hunter-gatherers but from about 2,000 BC herders came to the region. Then from about 800 AD Arabs sailed to Kenya. Some settled and intermarried and they created the Swahili culture along the coast. The first European to reach Kenya was Vasco da Gama in 1498.
Was Kenya a British colony?
Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920.
Which tribe is the richest in Kenya?
The Kikuyu community is the richest tribe in Kenya today and in the year 2021. The second richest tribe in Kenya is the Kalenjin community.
Who was Kenya colonized by?
The British East African Company was granted a charter in 1888, which led to the colonization of present day Kenya.
What ended Nkrumah’s rule?
In 1964, a constitutional amendment made Ghana a one-party state, with Nkrumah as president for life of both the nation and its party. Nkrumah was deposed in 1966 by the National Liberation Council which under the supervision of international financial institutions privatized many of the country’s state corporations.
Who controlled Kenya before decolonization?
The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.
Who was in control of South Africa before the British?
Increased European encroachment ultimately led to the colonisation and occupation of South Africa by the Dutch. The Cape Colony remained under Dutch rule until 1795 before it fell to the British Crown, before reverting back to Dutch Rule in 1803 and again to British occupation in 1806.
Where did Kenyan people originate from?
Neolithic. The first inhabitants of present-day Kenya were hunter-gatherer groups, akin to the modern Khoisan speakers. These people were later largely replaced by agropastoralist Cushitic (ancestral to Kenya’s Cushitic speakers) from the Horn of Africa.
Where did the name Kenya originate from?
Origin of name
Kenya is named after a mountain of the same name. The Kikuyu people who lived around present day Mt Kenya referred to it as Kirinyaga or Kerenyaga, meaning ‘mountain of whiteness’ because of its snow capped peak.
Is Kenya a poor country?
Kenya is a lower-middle income economy. Although Kenya’s economy is the largest and most developed in eastern and central Africa, 36.1% (2015/2016) of its population lives below the international poverty line. This severe poverty is mainly caused by economic inequality, government corruption and health problems.
Why did the British want Kenya?
The British colonized Kenya for economic considerations and for increased power. The British saw Kenya as a potential source of wealth. … The British also saw colonizing Kenya as a way to get more power. They felt it would give them more prestige in their competition with other European powers.
Why did Britain leave Kenya?
Independence and reparations
The Mau Mau uprising convinced the British of the need for reform in Kenya and the wheels were set in motion for the transition to independence. On 12 December 1963 Kenya became an independent nation under the Kenya Independence Act.
Where did slaves from Kenya go?
“They were captured in Tanzania, Malawi, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] and Northern Rhodesia [now Zambia] and they were taken to Zanzibar to be sold. Mombasa was a route for them to pass through,” Haywood told DW.