In the last 30 years, prevalence of the practice has decreased by half in some parts of Nigeria. In May 2015, then President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan signed a federal law banning FGM.
Do Nigerians believe in circumcision?
Nigeria. The male circumcision rate in Nigeria is estimated to be 98.9%. Nigerian culture favours circumcising baby boys when they are aged between eight and forty days.
When did FGM become illegal?
FGM has been a specific offence since the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 came into force in September 1985. The Act applied to the whole of the UK. It was replaced by the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 which came into force in March 2004. This was further amended by the Serious Crime Act 2015.
Why is FGM practiced in Africa?
Psychosexual reasons: FGM is carried out as a way to control women’s sexuality, which is sometimes said to be insatiable if parts of the genitalia, especially the clitoris, are not removed. It is thought to ensure virginity before marriage and fidelity afterward, and to increase male sexual pleasure.
How many African countries have banned FGM?
As of 2013, according to a UNICEF report, 24 African countries have legislations or decrees against FGM/C practice; these countries are: Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria (since 2015), …
Are Zimbabweans circumcised?
At least one million Zimbabwean men have been circumcised, a development that will scale up the country’s progress towards reaching the global 2030 HIV targets. According to the Ministry of Health and Child Care, 1 144 061 men have undergone VMMC so far, a figure that is likely to go up by the end of 2018.
Why are Nigerian men circumcised?
In most parts of Nigeria cultural tradition dictates that young boys be circumcised in the first few weeks of life. “It’s like bringing the boy into manhood immediately, initiating him into society. It’s our tradition, and there’s no way you can stop that.”
Is FGM still practiced today?
More than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated (1). FGM is mostly carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15. FGM is a violation of the human rights of girls and women.
What countries is FGM illegal in?
Significantly, of the 55 million girls (aged 0–14) who have experienced or are at risk of FGM across the 28 countries: ▪ 50% of them are in 3 countries that have anti-FGM laws (Egypt, Ethiopia and Nigeria); and ▪ 30% of them are in the 6 countries without current anti-FGM laws (Chad, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, …
Is FGM illegal in the United States?
Federal law 18 U.S. Code § 116 ‘Female Genital Mutilation’, as amended by the STOP FGM Act 2020, makes it illegal to perform FGM in the U.S. and was amended in 2013 to make it illegal to knowingly transport a girl out of the U.S. for the purpose of FGM.
Is FGM legal in Yemen?
There is no law against FGM/FGC in Yemen. A ministerial decree effective January 9, 2001, however, prohibits the practice in both government and private health facilities.
Is mutilation a crime?
Maiming has often been a criminal offense; the old law term for a special case of maiming of persons was mayhem, an Anglo-French variant form of the word. Maiming of animals by others than their owners is a particular form of the offense generally grouped as malicious damage.
How does FGM affect childbirth?
Women affected by severe FGM are 70 per cent more likely to suffer haemorrhage after birth. The researchers also found there was an increased need to resuscitate babies whose mother had experienced FGM, and the death rate among babies during and immediately after birth is also higher.
Why is FGM legal?
Unlike male circumcision, which is legal in the UK, the practice of FGM is a criminal offence. FGM has no health benefits for women or girls. Medical professionals consider the practice to be extremely harmful. It is therefore recognised as a form of violence against women and girls.
Is FGM legal in Germany?
In Germany, FGM cases can be criminally prosecuted through Articles 224, 225 and 226 of the Penal Code, referring respec- tively to criminal offences of grievous bodily injury, maltreat- ment by parents or persons having custody, and grievous bodily injury having as consequence the loss of essential parts of the body …
What’s the difference between female circumcision and male circumcision?
There is a significantly different intent of the two procedures. Male circumcision is done for cultural or religious reasons, but female circumcision reflects an underlying message about the status of women and an intention to affect their sexual function and behavior.