Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920.
What was Kenya before 1963?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.
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|East Africa Protectorate||Kenya (1963–1964)|
Why was Kenya colonized by the British?
The British Empire colonized Kenya in 1895 largely to protect its commercial interests in East Africa. After the fall of the Imperial British East Africa Company, the British government decided to turn Kenya into a protectorate that would defend and consolidate its commercial interests in the region.
When did British leave Kenya?
On December 12, 1963, Kenya declares its independence from Britain. The East African nation is freed from its colonial oppressors, but its struggle for democracy is far from over.
When was Kenya declared a state of emergency?
State of emergency declared (October 1952)
On 20 October 1952, Governor Baring signed an order declaring a state of emergency. Early the next morning, Operation Jock Scott was launched: the British carried out a mass-arrest of Jomo Kenyatta and 180 other alleged Mau Mau leaders within Nairobi.
What was Kenya like before colonization?
Prior to the arrival of Arab settlers, the area in East Africa known today as Kenya was predominately populated by farmers and herders, many of who had migrated from nearby regions.
Who owned Kenya before independence?
The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.
What was Kenya called before?
The result is that by the 1920s there is a sizable Indian population to demand a share in the developing political life of Kenya. (By this time the name has been changed from the East Africa Protectorate to Kenya Colony, celebrating the region’s highest mountain.)
Who named Kenya?
Etymology. The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century.
Who did the British colonize?
By 1670 there were British American colonies in New England, Virginia, and Maryland and settlements in the Bermudas, Honduras, Antigua, Barbados, and Nova Scotia. Jamaica was obtained by conquest in 1655, and the Hudson’s Bay Company established itself in what became northwestern Canada from the 1670s on.
How long did the British rule Kenya?
British Kenya (1920-1963) Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920. Major-General Sir Edward Northey was appointed as the first Governor of the British colony of Kenya.
What did the British do to Kenya?
The British authorities suspended civil liberties in Kenya. Many Kikuyu were forced to move. Between 320,000 and 450,000 of them were interned.. Most of the rest – more than a million – were held in “enclosed villages” also known as concentration camps.
Where did slaves from Kenya go?
“They were captured in Tanzania, Malawi, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] and Northern Rhodesia [now Zambia] and they were taken to Zanzibar to be sold. Mombasa was a route for them to pass through,” Haywood told DW.
What was the Kenya emergency?
The Kenya Emergency (1952-60), or Mau Mau Revolt, was one of the British Army’s bloodiest post-war conflicts. Although the rising was defeated, for many Kenyans it remains a significant step towards the independence of their country.
When was Kenya formed?
December 12, 1963