Crisis (March 30, 1912-August 18, 1955): France established a protectorate over Morocco as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Fez on March 30, 1912. Moroccan soldiers mutinied against French commanders in Fez beginning on April 17, 1912.
Was Morocco a colony of France?
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate.
Why was Morocco colonized by France?
Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. … France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco, and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
When was Morocco first colonized?
The recorded history of Morocco begins with the Phoenician colonization of the Moroccan coast between the 8th and 6th centuries BCE, although the area was inhabited by indigenous Berbers for some two thousand years before that.
How was French introduced to Morocco?
The 1912 Treaty of Fes, which established the French Protectorate in Morocco, was negotiated in French, with Abdelqader Ben Ghabrit interpreting and translating for Sultan Abd al-Hafid, who spoke Arabic. … In 1956 Morocco declared independence, and in the government declared Classical Arabic as the official language.
What was Morocco like before colonization?
Before the advent of colonization and the imposition of the protectorate on Morocco, the country was fully sovereign, independent, and united. And the Sahara was under Moroccan sovereignty. During that era there was no entity whatsoever in the Sahara that was separate from Morocco.
When did Spain lose Morocco?
How did the Rif War start? Tension between colonial Spanish forces and Rif peoples in northern Morocco culminated in a series of guerrilla attacks led by Berber leader Abd el-Krim on Spanish fortifications in June–July 1921. Within weeks, Spain lost all of its territory in the region.
What did Morocco used to be called?
In Turkish, Morocco is known as Fas, a name derived from its ancient capital of Fes. However, in other parts of the Islamic world, for example in Egyptian and Middle Eastern Arabic literature before the mid-20th century, the name commonly used to refer to Morocco was Marrakesh (مراكش).
How long was Morocco colonized by France?
French Morocco (1912-1956) Crisis (March 30, 1912-August 18, 1955): France established a protectorate over Morocco as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Fez on March 30, 1912.
Why did Spain fight in Morocco?
Spain worked to pacify a large part of the most violent areas until 1914, a slow process of consolidation of frontiers that lasted until 1919 due to World War I. The following year, after the signing of the Treaty of Fez, the northern Moroccan area was adjudicated to Spain as a protectorate.
What country owns Morocco?
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez. 1956 – End of French protectorate after unrest and strong nationalist sentiment. Spain keeps its two coastal enclaves. Sultan Mohammed becomes king in 1957.
When did Islam come to Morocco?
Islam reached Morocco in 680 CE, taken to the country by the Arab Umayyad dynasty of Damascus. The first Islamic dynasty to rule Morocco were the Idrissids, who were of the Zaydi Shia school. Article 6 of the Moroccan constitution states that Islam is official religion of the state.
How long did Spain colonize Morocco?
After 44 years of colonization Morocco was finally an independent country again (History of Morocco to the Present Day, Moroccansands.com). Although Morocco gained its independence in 1956, Spain still colonizes two parts of Morocco to this day.
How did the French affect Morocco?
Furthermore, the Spanish and French built new cities and towns in Morocco. Louis Lyautey helped create two cities on the coast, Kenitra (renamed Port Lyautey) and Casablanca. … The rules and laws of Morocco originate from the laws of France. The laws of Morocco were influenced by the French government.
Is Casablanca still French?
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The town was occupied by the French in 1907, and during the French protectorate (1912–56) Casablanca became the chief port of Morocco. Since then, the growth and development of the city have been continuous and rapid.