In 1878, Tetteh Quarshie, a Ghanaian blacksmith, brought cocoa beans to Ghana from the Fernando Po Islands (now called Isla de Bioko).
Who brought cocoa in to Ghana?
Tetteh Quarshie (1842 – 25 December 1892) was a pre-independence Ghanaian agriculturalist and the person directly responsible for the introduction of cocoa crops to Ghana, which today constitute one of the major export crops of the Ghanaian economy.
Where was cocoa brought from?
The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.
How did Cocoa get to Ghana?
Cocoa cultivation began in Ghana, according to the legend, fostered by a blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie, who, in 1895, returned to his farm in the Eastern Region of Ghana with cocoa beans “in his pocket” from the island of Fernando Po (now Bioko) in Equatorial Guinea where there was already intensive plantation …
When was cocoa introduced in the Gold Coast?
The Take-Off of Cocoa in the Gold Coast: 1891-1911. As already mentioned, the real breakthrough of the cocoa industry in the Gold Coast took some time – between the introduction of the cocoa beans in the 1870s and the first noteworthy exports in the mid-1890s lie nearly two decades.
How old was Tetteh Quarshie when he died?
50 years (1842–1892)
Which country is leading producer of cocoa?
The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa. In 2016, the Ivory Coast alone produced approximately 1.6 million metric tons of cocoa beans.
Did chocolate originate in Africa?
Why Europe dominates the global chocolate market while Africa produces all the cocoa. … But what is surprising is how little involvement Africa has had in over 200 years—it’s been a major source of the raw material for most of the second half of the 20th century.
How much money does Ghana make from cocoa?
Cocoa farmers in Ghana make $1/day, while those in Côte d’Ivoire make around $0.78/day—both significantly below the extreme poverty line. Farmers are often unable to bear the costs of cocoa farming as a result of low incomes.
Is cocoa native to Africa?
Although the cocoa plant is not native to Africa and was introduced to our continent over 100 years ago from South America, Africa now dominates the global supply of cocoa. … This makes Africa very invaluable to the cocoa business and its related products, especially chocolate.
Why does Ghana get so little money?
The increased input (labour, fertilisers and pesticides) for replanting land amounts to a higher production cost. It cannot be adjusted by price setting. Cocoa producers have no control over price; they are price takers. So the higher production cost reduces the profit made by cocoa farmers.
Can Coca grow in Ghana?
The plant has been grown in Ivory Coast (2), Ghana (3) and W Cameroons (1) as a source of cocaine.
Where is most of Ghana raw cocoa processed?
Cocoa production occurs in the country’s forested areas: Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central Region, Eastern Region, Western Region, and Volta, where rainfall is 1,000-1,500 millimeters per year.
In which year did cocoa come to Ghana?
In 1870 Tetteh Quarshie introduced the cocoa crops to Ghana (a pre-independence Ghanaian) which today constitute one of the major export crops of the Ghanaian economy.
What is the name of Tetteh Quarshie’s father?
His father was a farmer known as Mlekuboi, from Teshie. His mother, Ashong-Fio, hailed from Labadi. Tetteh Quarshie, who gained prominence for being an agriculturalist, was in fact the first blacksmith to be established at Akwapim-Mampong.
Where was cocoa first planted in Ghana?
However, cocoa cultivation really only became widespread after 1879, when a Ghanaian blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie is said to have brought some amelonado cocoa pods from the island of Fernando Po, 32km off the west coast of Africa, and established the first cocoa farm in the highly fertile soil of the Eastern …