The 2015 Malaria Indicator Survey in Nigeria indicates that malaria and severe anaemia were a double fold more prevalent in rural children than their urban counterparts. In addition, prevalence among children in the lowest socioeconomic group is 11 times that of those in the highest socio-economic group (43 % vs. 4 %).
Who is most affected by malaria?
Children aged under 5 years are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria; in 2019, they accounted for 67% (274 000) of all malaria deaths worldwide. The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden.
What culture is most affected by malaria?
Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission.
How does malaria affect people in Nigeria?
Malaria in Nigeria
There are an estimated 100 million malaria cases with over 300,000 deaths per year in Nigeria. This compares with 215,000 deaths per year in Nigeria from HIV/AIDS. Malaria contributes to an estimated 11% of maternal mortality.
Which African country has most malaria?
Most were in the WHO African Region, with an estimated 200 million cases, or 92% of global cases. In 2017, five countries accounted for nearly half of all malaria cases worldwide. Four of these were in Africa: Nigeria (25%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), and Uganda (4%).
What blood type is immune to malaria?
It has long been known that people with blood type O are protected against severe malaria, while those with other types, such as A, often fall into a coma and die. Unpacking the mechanisms behind this has been one of the main goals of malaria research.
Where is malaria the worst?
The six highest burden countries in the WHO African region (in order of estimated number of cases) are: Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique and Cote d’Ivoire. These six countries account for an estimated 103 million (or 47%) of malaria cases.
Is malaria a virus?
A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes.
WHO reports malaria 2020?
India has sustained Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) of less than one since 2012. The World Malaria Report (WMR) 2020 released by WHO, which gives the estimated cases for malaria across the world, based on mathematical projections, indicates that India has made considerable progress in reducing its malaria burden.
What percentage of malaria patients die?
According to the World Malaria Report 2018, there were 219 million cases of malaria globally in 2017 (uncertainty range 203–262 million) and 435 000 malaria deaths, representing a decrease in malaria cases and deaths rates of 18% and 28% since 2010, respectively.
Why is malaria so high in Nigeria?
Globally, Nigeria contributes the greatest proportion of the malaria disease burden. … Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes however, a higher parasite biomass (99%) is found in man while only one (1%) is found in mosquitoes.
Why is malaria so bad in Nigeria?
The geographic location of Nigeria makes suitable climate for malaria transmission throughout the country and it is all year round in most part of the country. The most prevalent malaria parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum (>95%) and it is responsible for most forms of the severe disease [1,2].
How bad is malaria in Nigeria?
According to the 2019 World Malaria Report, Nigeria had the highest number of global malaria cases (25 % of global malaria cases) in 2018 and accounted for the highest number of deaths (24 % of global malaria deaths).
Which disease kills most?
The world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.
How common is malaria today?
People who have malaria usually feel very sick with a high fever and shaking chills. While the disease is uncommon in temperate climates, malaria is still common in tropical and subtropical countries. Each year nearly 290 million people are infected with malaria, and more than 400,000 people die of the disease.
Why is malaria more common in poor countries?
Malaria is directly related to poverty and economic inequality in underdeveloped countries due to the exponential costs that these countries must face by both individuals and governments.