The Supreme Court and the High Court are both presided over by the chief justice. The Supreme Court is the constitutional court and the final court of appeal. The High Court has unlimited civil and criminal jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in respect of appeals from the lower courts.
Who is the head of the Supreme Court in Zambia?
Mrs Justice Irene Chirwa Mambilima – Chief Justice. PROFILE Hon. Mrs. Justice Irene Chirwa Mambilima is Zambia’s first female Chief Justice.
Who presides over the Supreme Court?
Chief justice, the presiding judge in the Supreme Court of the United States, and the highest judicial officer of the nation. The chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate and has life tenure.
Who presides over the High Court in Zambia?
In terms of its composition, the Constitutional Court has an establishment of thirteen (13) Judges, that is the President of the Court, Deputy President and eleven (11) other Judges. The President presides over the Court and in her absence, the Deputy President must preside over the Court.
How many judges are on the Supreme Court in Zambia?
The Supreme Court of Zambia is the final Court of appeal and has the final say in all legal matters, including the interpretation of the Constitution. It consists of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justice and 7 or more Supreme Court Judges.
What is the supreme law of the land in Zambia?
The constitution of Zambia is the supreme law and if any other law inconsistent with the constitution that other law shall, to the extent of its inconsistency, be void ( article1(3)). … The constitution was adopted in 1991 after consultations with the citizens of Zambia. It was amended in 1996.
Who was the first chief justice of Zambia?
Skinner was a member of the first cabinet and the Attorney General of Zambia from independence until 1967, when he was appointed Justice Minister. In March 1969, he was appointed Chief Justice of Zambia.
Can a Supreme Court justice be fired?
The Constitution states that Justices “shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour.” This means that the Justices hold office as long as they choose and can only be removed from office by impeachment. … The only Justice to be impeached was Associate Justice Samuel Chase in 1805.
Can we write to Chief Justice of India?
Judges of the Supreme Court are not to be addressed as “Your Honour”, said Chief Justice of India Sharad Arvind Bobde on Tuesday, explaining that such salutation befits judges of the Supreme Court of the United States or the magistrate courts in our country.
Which is better IAS or judiciary?
Judges have Judicial powers and IAS have executive powers. … Under the Central Govt and State Hierarchy: A District Judge is more superior than District Collector. A Chief Justice is much much more superior in hierarchy than a Chief Secretary.
How many types of courts are in Zambia?
The Zambian judicial system comprises approximately 460 courts, arrayed, basically, in a hierarchy with four primary levels. At the base, stand 415 local courts, presided over by 8 senior presiding justices, and 407 presiding justices, assisted by 428 ordinary justices.
How do you challenge a Supreme Court Judgement?
In India, a binding decision of the Supreme Court/High Court can be reviewed in Review Petition. The parties aggrieved on any order of the Supreme Court on any apparent error can file a review petition.
What is the role of High Court in Zambia?
The High Court of Zambia.
Subject to Article 128, the High Court has: Unlimited and original jurisdiction in civil and criminal matter. Appellate and supervisory jurisdiction, as prescribed, and. Jurisdiction to review decisions, as prescribed.
Who hears cases in the Supreme Court?
The United States Supreme Court is a federal court, meaning in part that it can hear cases prosecuted by the U.S. government. (The Court also decides civil cases.) The Court can also hear just about any kind of state-court case, as long as it involves federal law, including the Constitution.
What is the second highest court in Zambia?
The Court of Appeal is established under Article 130 of the Constitution of Zambia (Amendment) Act No. 2 of 2016 (“The Constitution”). It is now the second highest Superior Court of Record after the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court of Zambia.
Who appoints judges in Zambia?
In Zambia, judges are appointed by the President under Article 140 of the Constitution of Zambia (Amendment) 2016.