Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920. Major-General Sir Edward Northey was appointed as the first Governor of the British colony of Kenya.
WHO declared Kenya a British colony?
The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.
How was Kenya colonized by the British?
Around 1750 the Masai, a people of nomadic cattle-herders whose young men formed a military elite (el morani), began entering Kenya from the north and spreading out southwards, raiding and rustling. … The British East African Company was granted a charter in 1888, which led to the colonization of present day Kenya.
Who replaced Sir Evelyn Baring?
Baring died on 10 March 1973 at the age of 69 and was succeeded in the barony by his son, Charles.
Which colonial governor lifted the state of emergency in Kenya?
State of emergency declared (October 1952)
On 20 October 1952, Governor Baring signed an order declaring a state of emergency.
Why did the British want Kenya?
The British colonized Kenya for economic considerations and for increased power. The British saw Kenya as a potential source of wealth. … The British also saw colonizing Kenya as a way to get more power. They felt it would give them more prestige in their competition with other European powers.
What was Kenya like before colonization?
Prior to the arrival of Arab settlers, the area in East Africa known today as Kenya was predominately populated by farmers and herders, many of who had migrated from nearby regions.
Is Kenya still a British colony?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa.
|Colony and Protectorate of Kenya|
|• Established||11 June 1920 (Colony) 13 August 1920 (Protectorate) 1920|
|• Independent as Kenya||12 December 1963|
What was Kenya called before?
The result is that by the 1920s there is a sizable Indian population to demand a share in the developing political life of Kenya. (By this time the name has been changed from the East Africa Protectorate to Kenya Colony, celebrating the region’s highest mountain.)
Did Kenya gain independence peacefully?
Kenya’s problems did not end with independence. Fighting with ethnic Somali rebels in the north continued from the time of independence until 1969, and Kenyatta instituted one-party rule, leading a corrupt and autocratic government until his death in 1978. … Kenyatta’s son, Uhuru, has been president since 2013.
Who is the youngest governor in Kenya?
On August 8, 2017 Sang was elected as the youngest Governor in Kenya at 32, since the adoption of the devolved system in 2010. In 2013 he had also made history when he was elected the youngest Senator at 28 in Kenya’s inaugural Senate.
Who was Kenya’s governor in 1952?
Commissioners and Governors of the East Africa Protectorate/Kenya
|#||Name (birth–death)||Took office|
|25||Sir Philip Mitchell (1890–1964)||11 Dec 1944|
|26||Henry Steven Potter (1904–1976)||21 Jun 1952|
|27||Sir Evelyn Baring (1903–1973)||30 Sept 1952|
|28||Walter Coutts (1912–1988)||4 Oct 1959|
Who was the last British governor?
Governor-General of India
|Viceroy and Governor-General of India|
|Lord Mountbatten Last Viceroy of British Raj Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Last Governor-General of Dominion of India|
|Residence||Government House (1858–1931) Viceroy’s House (1931–1950) Viceregal Lodge (1888–1947)|
Who lifted the state of emergency in Kenya in 1960?
The British government lifted the state-of-emergency on January 12, 1960. At least 14,000 individuals, including 12,000 rebels, 1,800 civilians, and 200 government soldiers, were killed during the Mau Mau rebellion.
How many died in Kenyan concentration camps?
It was all in an effort to make him renounce his belief in the anti-colonial struggle. It is thought that overall, more than 20,000 Mau Mau fighters died in the fighting, while they killed at least 1,800 African civilians and 32 white settlers, historian David Anderson has written.
What incident prompted the declaration of the state of emergency in Kenya in 1952?
A State of Emergency was declared in October 1952 after the Mau Mau murdered a loyal Kikuyu chief. Despite this, it took some time for an effective response to be formulated. The Kenyan police were few in number and unused to operating in the tribal areas.