The British Empire colonized Kenya in 1895 largely to protect its commercial interests in East Africa. After the fall of the Imperial British East Africa Company, the British government decided to turn Kenya into a protectorate that would defend and consolidate its commercial interests in the region.
Why did the British colonize Africa?
The British colonized Africa in about 1870. When they heard of all of Africa’s valuable resources such as gold, ivory, salt and more, they did not hesitate on conquering the land. They wanted these resources because they needed them for manufacturing.
When did Britain colonize Kenya?
Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920.
How did Britain acquire Kenya?
It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920. … The colony came to an end in 1963 when a black majority government was elected for the first time and eventually declared independence as Kenya.
How was Kenya affected by imperialism?
Colonialism affected Kenya politically, socially and economically. … Imperialism also had many negative effects on the people of Kenya, because they were forced to follow the policies of the Europeans who controlled and regulated them. The indigenous people of Africa were continuously oppressed.
Which country has never been colonized in Africa?
Take Ethiopia, the only sub-Saharan African country that was never colonized.
Why was Africa colonized so easily?
The European countries were able to colonise African countries rapidly because there were rivalries between African leaders. … This led to even more deaths of animals and people, and due to their physical and mental weakness, they were unable to fight against European powers.
What was Kenya called before colonization?
The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.
Who named Kenya?
Etymology. The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century.
What was Kenya like before colonization?
Prior to the arrival of Arab settlers, the area in East Africa known today as Kenya was predominately populated by farmers and herders, many of who had migrated from nearby regions.
Did Kenya ever resist British rule?
The British therefore resisted turning Kenya into a full self-governing colony. It also limited white settlement to the highlands. having said this, it still gave the lion’s share of representation to the white settlers. In fact, the black Africans did not get any representation at all until 1944.
Why were the British so successful?
The British Empire owed its success to many factors. One key to its success was its efficient taxation system. … Another factor in the success of the British Empire was the size and success of its navy. The British navy defended British trade and possessions all over the world.
How many British live in Kenya?
There are also British citizens residing in Kenya who may be of any race; according to the BBC, they numbered at about 32,000 in 2006.
What are positive effects of colonization?
As a result of colonialism, there was the establishment of education in many African countries which positively developed African continent. Besides, it enhanced unity among various tribes in African nations making them jointly work together in building their country.
How did British rule impact Kenya?
The Kenya Protectorate was established on 13 August 1920 when the territories of the former East Africa Protectorate which were not annexed by the UK were established as a British Protectorate. … The colonial government duly tightened the measures to force more Kenyans to become low-paid wage-labourers on settler farms.
What was the legacy of imperialism in Kenya?
While there were many losses from the imperialism in Kenya, Kenya also gained a few things. The British government built a railroad which allowed transportation and trade. Kenya also was introduced to sports such as cricket, tennis, soccer golf and fly fishing.