Why was indirect rule a success in the northern part of Nigeria?

The system was a huge success in the Northern Nigeria mainly because of the highly developed traditional system of administration of the area. The Emirs were made use of in the administration including a new admiral, who was appointed by Lord Lugard himself.

Why was indirect rule successful in northern Nigeria?

4. Furthermore, the Indirect Rule system succeeded in Northern Nigeria because it did not threaten, interfere with or erode the traditional authority of the emirs. Instead, it boosted their prestige and made them become more influential.

How was indirect rule applied in Northern Nigeria?

Under indirect rule, caliphate officials were transformed into salaried district heads and became, in effect, agents of the British authorities, responsible for peacekeeping and tax collection. The old chain of command merely was capped with a new overlord, the British high commissiones.

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Why indirect rule was only partially successful in the West?

Less submissiveness of the people: Another reason why the system partially succeeded in the West was because, the subjects were not as submissive as their counterparts in the North. This made them not to accept indirect rule blindly.

Why did the British used indirect rule in Northern Nigeria?

The Existence of a well Established traditional Administration: In many areas of Africa such as Northern Nigeria, the British found well established traditional institutions under the Muslim rulers. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.

What is the meaning of indirect rule?

Indirect rule was a system of governance used by the British and others to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia, which was done through pre-existing indigenous power structures.

What is the difference between direct rule and indirect rule?

Indirect and direct rule thus had opposite effects on pre-colonial structures of power: indirect rule aimed to preserve them, while direct rule was intended to eradicate and replace them with a new colonial order.

Why did indirect rule fail in Africa?

It is true that the traditional political structure was well organized but the people were not used to an Oba or chief wielding enormous powers. The Oba was just a first among equals but the British colonial masters conferred so much powers on the Oba against traditional norms and this led to failure.

Why did indirect rule fail in southern Nigeria?

Southern Nigeria did not have centralized indigenous system of government that was necessary for the application of indirect rule. Lack of homogeneity in the South as there were many ethnic groups, languages & customs to be understood.

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What is the difference between indirect rule and assimilation?

Within colonial discourse, indirect rule designates a British system of African governance through indigenous chiefs, usually contrasted with French assimilation, a more centralized policy of transforming colonial subjects into replicas of European citizens.

Who is the father of indirect rule?

Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard (1858-1945), was a British imperialist and colonial administrator in Africa. He made significant contributions to the theory and practice of the British colonial policy of indirect rule. Frederick Lugard was born on Jan. 22, 1858, of missionary parents in India.

Where was indirect rule successful?

The system was a huge success in the Northern Nigeria mainly because of the highly developed traditional system of administration of the area. The Emirs were made use of in the administration including a new admiral, who was appointed by Lord Lugard himself.

What are the reason for indirect rule?

The basic aim of indirect rule was the maintenance in their position of the authorities recognized by the native population. The claim that such authorities are now obsolete and no longer form an integral part of the social and political life of the people is implicit in the demand for their elimination.

Which African country can defend itself?

Ethiopia. Ethiopia achieved international prestige with its uniquely successful military resistance during the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, becoming the only African country to defeat a European colonial power and retain its sovereignty.

What is an example of indirect control?

An example of indirect control is a registered owner who holds shares on behalf of the true owner. The registered owner is the agent and the true owner is the principal. By operation of law, the agent must follow the directions of the principal. So, it can be said that the principal controls the agent.

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Why did the British use the direct rule?

They desired to control the economy of Zimbabwe to maximize profits. The indigenous/local political institutions based on Induna system had been destroyed during the British occupation of Zimbabwe.

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