1) Britain and France wanted to defeat their enemy Germany in her colony Cameroon so as to weaken the latter militarily. 2) The Allied powers hoped to capture Cameroon from Germany so that they would use the resources inside the territory to fight the Germans in other areas.
What were the effects of the First World War in Cameroon?
Cameroon lost a great part of her territory as a result of the war. Cameroon was arbitrary divided between British and French ; the French took 4/5 of the territory while the British took 1/5 of the territory. Thousands of Cameroonians including soldiers civiliants and carriers lost their lifes.
When did the First World War ended in Cameroon?
Before long almost all of Cameroon had been brought under the Anglo-French forces. The last German stronghold of Mora fell into the hands of the Allied troops on February 20, 1916 (Fanso, 1989). This date marked the end of World War I in Cameroon and the end of German administration in the territory.
What was the First World War in Cameroon?
|Date||6 August 1914 – 10 March 1916 (1 year, 7 months and 4 days)|
|Location||German Kamerun and British Nigeria 03°52′N 11°31′ECoordinates: 03°52′N 11°31′E|
|Territorial changes||Kamerun divided into League of Nations mandates under British and French rule (1919)|
Why was Cameroon involved in the Second World War?
The war was a means of employment: The Cameroonians who served in the war are soldiers, carriers, and so were paid for their services. The need for raw materials: This was a factor that encouraged Britain to involve Cameroonians in the war so that they could supply raw materials.
Which was the bloodiest battle in Cameroon during the First World War?
|Battle of Nsanakong|
|Casualties and losses|
|8 British officers 160 Nigerians (95 dead, 16 wounded, 49 captured)||113 (43 dead, 70 wounded)|
What were the effects of ww2 on the world?
World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history in terms of total dead, with some 75 million people casualties including military and civilians, or around 3% of the world’s population at the time. Many civilians died because of deliberate genocide, massacres, mass-bombings, disease, and starvation.
Why did Germany want Cameroon?
In 1883, the German government asked German merchants their opinion about the development of West African trade; the merchants complained about British and French competition. As a result, Bismarck ordered his local representative, Dr. Gustav Nachtigal, to proceed with the annexation.
Who first colonized Cameroon?
Germany ruJed Cameroon from 1884-1915 as a colony and in 1916 Cameroon was divided between Britain and France following the defeat of the Germans in Cameroon in 1916. Britain and -France ruled their· respective portions of Cameroon as mandated territories -0f the League of Nations from 1919-1945.
Who hoisted the German flag in Cameroon?
On 14 July 1884, Nachtigal hoisted the German flag in Cameroon, a terri- tory with a surface of 191,130 square miles. 19 This ceremony signalled the of- ficial inception of Germany’s colonial venture in the Cameroon, which was to last 30 years.
What were the reason for the partition of Cameroon?
Britain wanted part of Cameroon in order to tidy the eastern boundaries of Nigeria while France wanted to expand her territories in Equatorial Africa. Both powers had trading interest in Cameroon. Traders from both countries wanted protection from their respective home government’s interest.
How did Germany annex Cameroon?
In April 1883, the German traders in Cameroon called on the German Government to annex Cameroon and the government accepted and sent an imperial commissioner to sign treaties with the natives. In February 1884, Bismark appointed Dr . Nachtigal to head a mission to Cameroon and Fernando PPo.
How was Cameroon partitioned?
In World War I, the British invaded Cameroon from Nigeria in 1914 in the Kamerun campaign, with the last German fort in the country surrendering in February 1916. After the war, this colony was partitioned between the United Kingdom and France under June 28, 1919 League of Nations mandates (Class B).
Was Cameroon owned by France?
Colony and mandate
The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the “Scramble for Africa” at the end of the 19th century. During World War I, it was occupied by French and Belgian troops. In 1922 it was mandated to Great Britain and France by the League of Nations.
What was the original name of Cameroon?
Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English.
What is the relationship between France and Cameroon?
France and Cameroon have long-standing, intense relations. Our civil cooperation is considerable and covers many sectors: governance, health, education, infrastructure, rural development, the environment, higher education, research and culture.