The British took an interest in Nigeria because of its resources. … Britain gained power by the use of its military. “Britain maintained it’s economic hegemony [rule] over the colonies through military power, Strategic alliances and the collaboration of indigenous rulers” (The Colonial Economic Legacy).
What did the British do to Nigeria?
It may have ended slavery and human sacrifice, but it was accompanied by extreme violence; ethnic and religious identity were cynically exploited to maintain control, while the forceful remoulding of longstanding legal and social practices permanently altered the culture and internal politics of indigenous communities.
When did the British first come to Nigeria?
The modern history of Nigeria – as a political state encompassing 250 to 400 ethnic groups of widely varied cultures and modes of political organization – dates from the completion of the British conquest in 1903 and the amalgamation of northern and southern Nigeria into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria in 1914.
What was the reason for colonialism in Nigeria?
Colonies such as Nigeria became part of British imperial expansion that focused on exploiting raw materials, minerals, and foodstuffs important to Western industrial development. Britain tried to encourage tropical export crops in Nigeria and to stimulate demand there for British manufactured goods.
How did British colonialism affect Nigeria?
The British Empire brought a new judicial system together with some pieces of democracy and a lot of tribes in Nigeria started to get along. The British Government also helped to write peace treaties amongst tribes. Therefore, Europeans helped to protect Africans from their most devastating enemy – themselves.
Who sold Nigeria to the British?
The Royal Niger Company sold its territory (Nigeria) to the British government for £865,000. In 1914, the Southern protectorate and Northern protectorate were amalgamated by Lord Lugard. Royal Niger Company changed its name to The Niger Company Ltd.
How did Britain exploit Nigeria?
The British colonized Nigeria in 1884. It was established as a colony in 1884 at the Berlin conference where Africa was divided by European powers. Britain gained power by the use of its military. … The British established a trading post at the Niger River, exploiting the Africans.
How many years did British rule Nigeria?
Nigeria became a British protectorate in 1901. The period of colonisation lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded. Nigeria first became a republic in 1963, but succumbed to military rule three years later, after a bloody coup d’état.
History of Nigeria.
Which tribe is the oldest in Nigeria?
The oldest tribe in NIgeria is Ijaw tribe. Ijaw (also known by the subgroups”Ijo”or”Izon”) are a collection of indigenous peoples mostly to the forest regions of the Bayelsa, Delta, and Rivers States within the Niger Delta in Nigeria.
What was Nigeria called before?
The former name for Nigeria was the Royal Niger Company Territories. It does not sound like a country name at all! The name Nigeria was replaced and preserved up until today. Still, it was not a name for a nation, but merely a name of the territory.
What was Nigeria like before colonization?
1900 have been known under the name of Nigeria during the pre-colonial period (16th to 18th centuries) was dominated by a number of powerful West African kingdoms or empires, such as the Oyo Empire and the Islamic Kanim Borno Empire in the north and west, and the Igbo kingdom of Onitsha in the southeast and various …
What is the important legacy of British rule in Nigeria?
The answer is cultural conflict is an important legacy.
Was Nigeria colonized by the French?
French VS British
The only countries that they had in West Africa were Gambia, Sierra-Leone, Ghana, Nigeria. The French colony had Cameroon, Gabon, French Guinea, Senegal, Algeria, Ivory Coast, Dahomey.
What are the negative effects of colonialism?
Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans. Change of the social systems of living. Nevertheless, colonialism too impacted positively on the economies and social systems.
What were 3 positive impacts of colonization?
Another positive effect is seen in document three called “Colonial Governments and Missionaries. ” It shows how the colonial governments introduced improved medical care, and better methods of sanitation. There were new crops; tools and farming methods, which helped, increase food production.
Is colonialism a blessing to Nigeria?
Like any method of governance, colonialism can be seen as either a blessing or a curse because it has both constructive and unconstructive effects. … This is why it can be seen as a curse rather than a blessing. The impacts of these unconstructive effects can still be felt firmly in Nigeria’s political system today.