Yorubaland is the cultural region of the Yoruba people in West Africa. It spans the modern-day countries of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin. Its pre-modern history is based largely on oral traditions and legends. According to Yoruba religion, Oduduwa became the ancestor of the first divine king of the Yoruba.
Did Benin originate from Yoruba?
The Yoruba kingdoms of Benin and Ife sprang up between the 11th and 12th centuries. The present-day Benin monarch declared his ancestry from Oranmiyan through Ekaladerhan and direct to the Ogiso dynasty. … As far as historical memory extends, the Yoruba have been the dominant group on the west bank of the Niger.
Where did Bini migrate from?
Historical accounts are vague as to when and if the Bini (Edo), migrated from the Nile valley. What is not in doubt is that the earliest rulers of Benin were called Ogisos. Thirty-one Ogisos in all ruled the kingdom of Benin between 900 – 1200 AD, which is the earliest period so far accounted for in Benin history.
Where did Benin originated from?
The historical kingdom of Benin was established in the forested region of West Africa in the 1200s C.E. According to history, the Edo people of southern Nigeria founded Benin. They no longer wanted to be ruled by their kings, known as the ogisos.
Which tribe is Benin?
The Edo or Benin people are an Edoid ethnic group primarily found in Edo State, Nigeria. They speak the Edo language and are the descendants of the founders of the Benin Empire. They are closely related to other ethnic groups that speak Edoid languages, such as the Esan, the Afemai, the Isoko,and the Urhobo.
How old is Yoruba?
The Yoruba-speaking peoples share a rich and complex heritage that is at least one thousand years old. Today 18 million Yoruba live primarily in the modern nations of southwestern Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.
Who is the No 1 Oba in Nigeria?
1. Oba Obateru Akinrutan – Olugbo of Ugbo – the richest king in Nigeria. Oba Obateru Akinruntan is the head of Ugbo, Ondo state. Besides being the royal leader of Ugbo, he owns Obat Petroleum, one of the largest private oil trading companies in Nigeria which controls Africa’s largest oil depots.
Which is the oldest kingdom in Nigeria?
The Nri Kingdom in the Awka area was founded in about 900 AD in north central Igboland, and is considered the oldest kingdom in Nigeria.
Why do Benin kings cover their mouth?
(1) The Oba usually covers his mouth because when he talks he is the supreme authority and whatever he says is final. (2) People talk on his behalf most of the time and whatever they proclaim becomes the law with immediate effect. (3) His wives covered their mouths as a sign of submission.
Is Edo under Yoruba?
Benin Kingdom in Edo is Yoruba territory — Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi. The Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi, on Tuesday said Benin Kingdom in Edo State remained part of the expansive Yoruba race, a pronouncement that may spark fresh rivalry and altercation between people of the two ancient kingdoms.
What was Benin called before?
Benin, officially Republic of Benin, French République du Bénin, formerly (until 1975) Dahomey or (1975–90) People’s Republic of Benin, country of western Africa.
Why does the Oba of Benin wear red?
The colour red is not allowed near the Oba’s palace at all. Hence, palm kernel in its fruit form, which is as red as blood is considered a bad omen when seen around or in the Oba’s palace.
Who is the greatest Oba of Benin?
Late in the 13th century, royal power began to assert itself under the oba Ewedo and was firmly established under the most famous oba, Ewuare the Great (reigned c. 1440–80), who was described as a great warrior and magician.
What is the religion of Benin?
Christianity is the most widely professed religion in Benin, with 48.5% of the nation’s total population being members of various Christian denominations.
What was life like in Benin?
Many people in Benin lived in villages in the rainforest. They cleared away the trees to grow vegetables and they built their houses from mud, wood and palm leaves. Benin was famous for its craft workers. Specialists in a craft (like ivory-carvers) formed groups called guilds.
What is Benin known for?
Benin City has long been famous for its “bronzes”—actually brass work, some of which is said to date from the 13th century—and for its ivory and wood carvings. Its museum (1960) has a notable collection of some of the kingdom’s early pieces. … Benin City is the site of the University of Benin (1970).