Nigeria has its own constitution which was established on 29 May 1999. The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the country. There are four distinct legal systems in Nigeria, which include English law, Common law, Customary law, and Sharia Law.
Who enforces Nigerian law?
Legislative power is held by the federal government and the two chambers of the legislature: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Together, the two chambers make up the law-making body in Nigeria, called the National Assembly, which serves as a check on the executive arm of government.
What are Nigeria source of law?
Main sources of law
The Nigerian Constitution. Legislation (Ordinances, Acts, laws, decrees, edicts and bye-laws). Judicial precedents. Customary law. … Received English law (common law, equitable doctrines and statutes of general application that were in force in England on 1 January 1900).
Who is the founder of law?
By the 22nd century BC, the ancient Sumerian ruler Ur-Nammu had formulated the first law code, which consisted of casuistic statements (“if … then …”). Around 1760 BC, King Hammurabi further developed Babylonian law, by codifying and inscribing it in stone.
What are the laws in Nigeria?
5 Important Laws in Nigeria
- The Constitution. This is the most important law in the country, it is the law from which all the other laws in Nigeria gain their validity. …
- The Criminal Code/Penal Code. …
- The Electoral Act. …
- The Labour Act. …
- Land Use Act.
Do judges make law in Nigeria?
Do Judges Make Law? The simple answer to this seemingly rhetorical question is No. … Admittedly, by the provision of section 4 of the 1999 Constitution, the function of law-making is vested in the legislature, while that of judicial adjudication is conferred on the courts by section 6 of the 1999 Constitution.
What is the government like in Nigeria?
What are the 5 sources of law?
The primary sources of law in the United States are the United States Constitution, state constitutions, federal and state statutes, common law, case law, and administrative law.
What are the 5 Sources of Nigeria law?
Below are the 5 major sources of Nigerian law:
Enactments made by the legislature. Customary/Islamic law. Nigerian case law. International law.
What are the 4 sources of law?
The four primary sources are constitutions, statutes, cases, and regulations. These laws and rules are issued by official bodies from the three branches of government.
What are the 7 types of law?
Terms in this set (7)
- The Constitution. supreme body of laws that govern our country.
- Statutory law. written or codified law such as legislative acts, declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something.
- Common or Case Law. …
- Civil Law (Private law) …
- Criminal Law. …
- Equity Law. …
- Administrative Law.
Who is the father of law in India?
Neelakanta Ramakrishna Madhava Menon (4 May 1935 – 8 May 2019) was an Indian civil servant, lawyer and legal educator, considered by many as the father of modern legal education in India.
|N. R. Madhava Menon|
|Parent(s)||Ramakrishna Menon (Father) Bhavani Amma (Mother)|
What is the origin of law?
In most of the English-speaking world, the legal systems are based upon English common law. Common law works on precedents, established by judges that date from early in English history. By the 17th century, statutes enacted by Parliament took precedent over common law.
Which is the lowest court in Nigeria?
The lowest courts in the country are all state courts (there is no federal court in this group). They include (i) the Magistrate Courts that handle English law cases (ii) the Customary Courts that handle Customary law cases and (iii) the Sharia Courts that handle Sharia law cases.
How do you address a judge in Nigeria?
But if it’s in Nigeria, you must address the judge whether a male or female as “My Lord”. In Nigeria, there are no jury trials, only judges determine questions of facts and law. This would apply only where the judge enters or leaves the room.
What is Nigerian English law?
The English law is made up of rules of common law, doctrines of equity and Statutes of General Application. These English laws have been imported into the Nigerian legal system. … The use of English Law in Nigeria is backed up by the following authorities: Interpretation Act:By the provision of S.