You asked: Who controlled Kenya before decolonization?

The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.

Who lived in Kenya before colonization?

Pre-colonial history

Around 2000 BC, Cushitic-speaking people from northern Africa settled in the part of East Africa that is now Kenya. By the 1st Century AD, the Kenyan coast was frequented by Arab traders, who due to Kenya’s proximity to the Arabian Peninsula, established Arab and Persian colonies there.

What country was Kenya controlled by?

The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.

Kenya Colony.

Preceded by Succeeded by
East Africa Protectorate Kenya (1963–1964)

What was the name of Kenya before independence?

Kenya was initially known as the British East Africa Protectorate, or British East Africa and it was not until 1920 that it was officially named Kenya.

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How was Kenya colonized by the British?

Around 1750 the Masai, a people of nomadic cattle-herders whose young men formed a military elite (el morani), began entering Kenya from the north and spreading out southwards, raiding and rustling. … The British East African Company was granted a charter in 1888, which led to the colonization of present day Kenya.

What was Kenya like before colonization?

Prior to the arrival of Arab settlers, the area in East Africa known today as Kenya was predominately populated by farmers and herders, many of who had migrated from nearby regions.

Why did Britain leave Kenya?

Independence and reparations

The Mau Mau uprising convinced the British of the need for reform in Kenya and the wheels were set in motion for the transition to independence. On 12 December 1963 Kenya became an independent nation under the Kenya Independence Act.

Who named Kenya?

Etymology. The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century.

How was Kenya affected by imperialism?

Colonialism affected Kenya politically, socially and economically. … Imperialism also had many negative effects on the people of Kenya, because they were forced to follow the policies of the Europeans who controlled and regulated them. The indigenous people of Africa were continuously oppressed.

Where did slaves from Kenya go?

“They were captured in Tanzania, Malawi, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] and Northern Rhodesia [now Zambia] and they were taken to Zanzibar to be sold. Mombasa was a route for them to pass through,” Haywood told DW.

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Is Kenya a second world country?

Yes, Kenya is a third world country. While the country has recently gotten lower-middle-income stature, not every Kenyan has benefited from the heightened wealth.

Why is Kenya pronounced Keenya?

In the days when the Territory was called British East Africa the word was pronounced with the first syllable rhyming with pen—Kenya. The mountain which gives the Territory its name was discovered by Ludwig Krapf in 1849. … About that time, too, the pronunciation of Kenya changed to Kenya (Keenya).

What is Kenya best known for?

Kenya, country in East Africa famed for its scenic landscapes and vast wildlife preserves. Its Indian Ocean coast provided historically important ports by which goods from Arabian and Asian traders have entered the continent for many centuries.

Who did Kenya gain independence from?

On December 12, 1963, Kenya declares its independence from Britain. The East African nation is freed from its colonial oppressors, but its struggle for democracy is far from over. A decade before, in 1952, a rebellion known the Mau Mau Uprising had shaken the British colony.

WHO declared Kenya a British colony?

The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.

Who colonized Ghana?

In 1951–55 they shared power with Britain. By 1956, British Togoland, the Ashanti protectorate, and the Fante protectorate were merged with the Gold Coast to create one colony, which became known as the Gold Coast.

Gold Coast (British colony)

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Colony of the Gold Coast
Today part of Ghana
Source for 1924 area and population:
Hai Afrika!