Zambia is drained by two major river basins: the Zambezi basin in the south covering about three-quarters of the country; and the Congo basin in the north covering about one-quarter of the country.
What is the difference between watershed and drainage basin?
Drainage basin: A drainage basin is an extent of land where water from rain or snow melt drains downhill into a body of water, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea or ocean. … Watershed: In the technical sense, a watershed refers to a divide that separates one drainage area from another drainage area.
What is a watershed in geography?
Watersheds are the dividing lines of mountain ranges and the areas between them are called drainage basins. … Lakes may form over impermeable rock and sphagnum moss will thrive here. Tributaries join together at confluences and the river grows in strength.
Where is kabompo?
Kabompo River, river in south-central Africa. It rises in northern Zambia in high land that forms the watershed between the Zambezi and Congo river systems. It flows generally south and west to join the Zambezi River north of Lukulu, Zamb., after a course of about 275 miles (440 km).
What is the difference between catchment area and drainage basin?
Drainage basin, also called catchment area, or (in North America) watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams.
What is an example of watershed?
A watershed describes an area of land that contains a common set of streams and rivers that all drain into a single larger body of water, such as a larger river, a lake or an ocean. For example, the Mississippi River watershed is an enormous watershed.
What is the largest watershed in the world?
The five largest river basins (by area), from largest to smallest, are the basins of the Amazon (7M km2), the Congo (4M km2), the Nile (3.4M km2), the Mississippi (3.22M km2), and the Río de la Plata (3.17M km2). The three rivers that drain the most water, from most to least, are the Amazon, Ganga, and Congo rivers.
What is another name for a watershed?
Another name for watershed is drainage basin and another name for basin is sink.
What is the function of watershed?
What is the function of a watershed? The main function of a watershed is to receive the incoming precipitation and then dispose it off.
Where are watersheds located?
A watershed is the area of land where all of the water that drains off of it goes into the same place—a river, stream or lake. The smallest watersheds are the drainage areas for small streams and lakes. Think about your local creek or river.
Which is the deepest river in Zambia?
It is the second deepest river in Africa and one of the top five in the world.
|Region||North-Western Province, Zambia|
Which one is the biggest river in Zambia?
THE KAFUE RIVER
It is a major tributary to the Zambezi River and is the largest and longest river lying entirely within Zambia.
What is the deepest river in Africa?
In addition, the Congo River is the world’s deepest recorded river at 720 feet (220 meters) deep in parts — too deep for light to penetrate, The New York Times reported. It’s also the second-longest river in Africa, spanning a length of approximately 2,920 miles (4,700 kilometers), according to Phys.org.
What is watershed mean?
Accordingly, “watershed is defined as any surface area from which runoff resulting from rainfall is collected and drained through a common point. It is synonymous with a drainage basin or catchment area. A watershed may be only a few hectares as in small ponds or hundreds of square kilometres as in rivers.
How many drainage systems are there?
The Indian Drainage System is divided into 3 categories: (1) Major River Basin with catchment area up to 20000 sq. km. and above, accounts for 83% of the total run off and are 13 in number in India.
What is Subcatchment?
What is a subcatchment? A subcatchment is used to model the runoff from a given area of land. Each subcatchment generates a runoff hydrograph, that is typically routed into a downstream reach or pond. A subcatchment can also be used to account for the rain falling directly on the surface of a pond.