Your question: Who was the father of indirect rule in Nigeria?

Frederick Lugard, who assumed the position of high commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria in 1900, often has been regarded as the model British colonial administrator.

Who invented indirect rule in Nigeria?

The ideological underpinnings, as well as the practical application, of indirect rule in Uganda and Nigeria is usually traced to the work of Frederick Lugard, the High Commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria from 1899 to 1906.

Who invented indirect rule?

Indirect rule was not, therefore, a concept invented by the British colonial administrator Frederick Lugard (1858–1945) as the proper system for governing the Islamic emirates of northern Nigeria.

When did indirect rule start?

Indirect rule was first used by the British in Africa in Buganda, developed it in Northern Nigera, later extending it to other colonies in Africa. The Uganda Agreement (sic) of 1900 clarified that Bugandans were to be governed by hereditary rulers. These made laws in accordance with the British Governor.

Who is Lord Frederick Lugard?

Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG CB DSO PC (22 January 1858 – 11 April 1945), known as Sir Frederick Lugard between 1901 and 1928, was a British soldier, mercenary, explorer of Africa and colonial administrator.

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What is indirect rule?

noun. A system of government of one nation by another in which the governed people retain certain administrative, legal, and other powers. ‘This policy of indirect rule left local political arrangements and traditions largely intact. … ‘Empires always involve a mixture of direct and indirect rule.

Why did British use indirect rule Nigeria?

The Existence of a well Established traditional Administration: In many areas of Africa such as Northern Nigeria, the British found well established traditional institutions under the Muslim rulers. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.

What is the difference between direct rule and indirect rule?

Indirect and direct rule thus had opposite effects on pre-colonial structures of power: indirect rule aimed to preserve them, while direct rule was intended to eradicate and replace them with a new colonial order.

What are the disadvantages of indirect rule?

Disadvantages of Indirect Rule System

(i) Indirect rule excluded educated elites from colonial administration. (ii) It increased the powers of traditional rulers without regards to in built traditional checks and balances. (iii) It imposed warrant chiefs, taxation where there was none.

What are the features of indirect rule?

  • A Governor. One of the features of Indirect Rule was the position of a Governor. …
  • Regional Commissioners. The colony was divided into regions for ease of administration and each region was headed by a Regional Commissioner.
  • District Commissioners. …
  • Native Authorities. …
  • Native Treasury. …
  • Native Courts.

How did Britain rule Africa?

The British pushed out the Boers, or the Dutch settlers, to take control of mineral-rich South Africa. During the Scramble for Africa, Britain became more aggressive, and at the Berlin Conference, Britain was granted control of southern and northeastern Africa. … Britain used indirect rule to govern its African colonies.

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Why did indirect rule fail in Africa?

It is true that the traditional political structure was well organized but the people were not used to an Oba or chief wielding enormous powers. The Oba was just a first among equals but the British colonial masters conferred so much powers on the Oba against traditional norms and this led to failure.

How did Britain use indirect rule in Africa?

British policy in Western Africa

system subsequently institutionalized as “indirect rule.” Essentially, local government was to be left in the hands of the traditional chiefs, subject to the guidance of European officers.

Who found Nigeria?

On January 1, 1914, Lord Frederick Lugard, the governor of both the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and the Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, signed a document consolidating the two, thereby creating the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.

Who is Lord Lugard wife?

Flora Shaw, Lady Lugard

The Right Honourable Lady Lugard DBE
Born Flora Louise Shaw19 December 1852 Woolwich, England
Died 25 January 1929 (aged 76) Surrey, England
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Frederick Lugard ​ ( m. 1902)​

What was Nigeria called before colonization?

The Benin Empire (1440–1897; called Bini by locals) was a pre-colonial African state in what is now modern Nigeria. It should not be confused with the modern-day country called Benin, formerly called Dahomey.

Hai Afrika!